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A326096 E.g.f.: Sum_{n>=0} ((1+x)^n + 1)^n * x^n/n!. 5
1, 2, 6, 32, 256, 2712, 37744, 645752, 13371264, 327748832, 9332342944, 304875611328, 11298403070464, 470279355784448, 21809054992366464, 1118931830122060928, 63115145120561606656, 3892675200470654980608, 261242029823318546162176, 18994387868664467440590848, 1490356266852194536099393536, 125747158151444491631754033152 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,2

COMMENTS

More generally, the following sums are equal:

(1) Sum_{n>=0} (q^n + p)^n * x^n/n!,

(2) Sum_{n>=0} q^(n^2) * exp(p*q^n*x) * x^n/n!;

here, q = (1+x) and p = 1.

In general, let F(x) be a formal power series in x such that F(0)=1, then

Sum_{n>=0} m^n * F(q^n*r)^p * log( F(q^n*r) )^n / n! =

Sum_{n>=0} r^n * [y^n] F(y)^(m*q^n + p);

here, F(x) = exp(x), q = 1+x, p = 1, r = x, m = 1.

LINKS

Paul D. Hanna, Table of n, a(n) for n = 0..300

FORMULA

E.g.f.: Sum_{n>=0} ((1+x)^n + 1)^n * x^n/n!,

E.g.f.: Sum_{n>=0} (1+x)^(n^2) * exp(x*(1+x)^n) * x^n/n!.

EXAMPLE

E.g.f.: A(x) = 1 + 2*x + 6*x^2/2! + 32*x^3/3! + 256*x^4/4! + 2712*x^5/5! + 37744*x^6/6! + 645752*x^7/7! + 13371264*x^8/8! + 327748832*x^9/9! + 9332342944*x^10/10! + 304875611328*x^11/11! + 11298403070464*x^12/12! + ...

such that

A(x) = 1 + ((1+x) + 1)*x + ((1+x)^2 + 1)^2*x^2/2! + ((1+x)^3 + 1)^3*x^3/3! + ((1+x)^4 + 1)^4*x^4/4! + ((1+x)^5 + 1)^5*x^5/5! + ((1+x)^6 + 1)^6*x^6/6! + ((1+x)^7 + 1)^7*x^7/7! + ...

also

A(x) = 1 + (1+x)*exp(x*(1+x))*x + (1+x)^4*exp(x*(1+x)^2)*x^2/2! + (1+x)^9*exp(x*(1+x)^3)*x^3/3! + (1+x)^16*exp(x*(1+x)^4)*x^4/4! + (1+x)^25*exp(x*(1+x)^5)*x^5/5! + (1+x)^36*exp(x*(1+x)^6)*x^6/6! + ...

RELATED SERIES.

Below we illustrate the following identity at specific values of x:

Sum_{n>=0} ((1+x)^n + 1)^n * x^n/n!  =  Sum_{n>=0} (1+x)^(n^2) * exp(x*(1+x)^n) * x^n/n!.

(1) At x = -1/2, the following sums are equal

S1 = Sum_{n>=0} (-1)^n * 2^(-n*(n+1)) * (2^n + 1)^n / n!,

S1 = Sum_{n>=0} (-1)^n * 2^(-n*(n+1)) * exp( -1/2^(n+1) ) / n!,

where S1 = 0.41868678468707099609788224908427981408329845879700862624389...

(2) At x = -2/3, the following sums are equal

S2 = Sum_{n>=0} (-1)^n * 2^n * 3^(-n*(n+1)) * (3^n + 1)^n / n!,

S2 = Sum_{n>=0} (-1)^n * 2^n * 3^(-n*(n+1)) * exp( -2/3^(n+1) ) / n!,

where S2 = 0.33802063384093377391547056494398131361711992142768124149541...

PROG

(PARI) /* E.g.f.: Sum_{n>=0} ((1+x)^n + 1)^n * x^n/n! */

{a(n) = my(A = sum(m=0, n, ((1+x)^m + 1 +x*O(x^n))^m * x^m/m! )); n!*polcoeff(A, n)}

for(n=0, 25, print1(a(n), ", "))

(PARI) /* E.g.f.: Sum_{n>=0} (1+x)^(n^2) * exp(x*(1+x)^n) * x^n/n! */

{a(n) = my(A = sum(m=0, n, (1+x +x*O(x^n))^(m^2) * exp(x*(1+x)^m +x*O(x^n)) * x^m/m! )); n!*polcoeff(A, n)}

for(n=0, 25, print1(a(n), ", "))

CROSSREFS

Cf. A259208, A326092, A326093, A326094.

Sequence in context: A346452 A012324 A121676 * A346270 A133596 A088437

Adjacent sequences:  A326093 A326094 A326095 * A326097 A326098 A326099

KEYWORD

nonn

AUTHOR

Paul D. Hanna, Jun 05 2019

STATUS

approved

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Last modified January 24 08:48 EST 2022. Contains 350534 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)