

A319100


Number of solutions to x^6 == 1 (mod n).


15



1, 1, 2, 2, 2, 2, 6, 4, 6, 2, 2, 4, 6, 6, 4, 4, 2, 6, 6, 4, 12, 2, 2, 8, 2, 6, 6, 12, 2, 4, 6, 4, 4, 2, 12, 12, 6, 6, 12, 8, 2, 12, 6, 4, 12, 2, 2, 8, 6, 2, 4, 12, 2, 6, 4, 24, 12, 2, 2, 8, 6, 6, 36, 4, 12, 4, 6, 4, 4, 12, 2, 24, 6, 6, 4, 12, 12, 12, 6, 8, 6, 2
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OFFSET

1,3


COMMENTS

All terms are 3smooth. a(n) is even for n > 2. Those n such that a(n) = 2 are in A066501.


LINKS



FORMULA

Multiplicative with a(2) = 1, a(4) = 2, a(2^e) = 4 for e >= 3; a(3) = 2, a(3^e) = 6 if e >= 2; for other primes p, a(p^e) = 6 if p == 1 (mod 6), a(p^e) = 2 if p == 5 (mod 6).
If the multiplicative group of integers modulo n is isomorphic to C_{k_1} x C_{k_2} x ... x C_{k_m}, where k_i divides k_j for i < j; then a(n) = Product_{i=1..m} gcd(6, k_i).
a(n) = A060594(n) iff n is not divisible by 9 and no prime factor of n is congruent to 1 mod 6, that is, n in A088232.
Sum_{k=1..n} a(k) ~ c * n * log(n)^3, where c = (1/Pi^4) * Product_{p prime == 1 (mod 6)} (1  (12*p4)/(p+1)^3) = 0.0075925601... (Finch et al., 2010).  Amiram Eldar, Mar 26 2021


EXAMPLE

Solutions to x^6 == 1 (mod 13): x == 1, 3, 4, 9, 10, 12 (mod 13).
Solutions to x^6 == 1 (mod 27): x == 1, 8, 10, 17, 19, 26 (mod 27) (x == 1, 8 (mod 9)).
Solutions to x^6 == 1 (mod 37): x == 1, 10, 11, 26, 27, 36 (mod 37).


PROG

(PARI) a(n)=my(Z=znstar(n)[2]); prod(i=1, #Z, gcd(6, Z[i]))


CROSSREFS



KEYWORD

nonn,easy,mult


AUTHOR



STATUS

approved



