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 A304162 a(n) = n^4 - 3*n^3 + 9*n^2 - 7*n + 5 (n>=1). 1
 5, 19, 65, 185, 445, 935, 1769, 3085, 5045, 7835, 11665, 16769, 23405, 31855, 42425, 55445, 71269, 90275, 112865, 139465, 170525, 206519, 247945, 295325, 349205, 410155, 478769, 555665, 641485, 736895, 842585, 959269, 1087685, 1228595, 1382785 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
 OFFSET 1,1 COMMENTS For n>=2, a(n) is the second Zagreb index of the graph KK_n, defined as 2 copies of the complete graph K_n, with one vertex from one copy joined to two vertices of the other copy (see the Stevanovic et al. reference, p. 396). The second Zagreb index of a simple connected graph is the sum of the degree products d(i)d(j) over all edges ij of the graph. The M-polynomial of KK_n is M(KK_n; x,y) = (n-2)^2*x^(n-1)*y^(n-1) + 2*(n-2)*x^(n-1)*y^n + (n-1)*x^(n-1)*y^(n+1) + x^n*y^n + 2*x^n*y^(n+1). LINKS Colin Barker, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..1000 E. Deutsch and Sandi Klavzar, M-polynomial and degree-based topological indices, Iranian J. Math. Chemistry, 6, No. 2, 2015, 93-102. D. Stevanovic, I. Stankovic, and M. Milosevic, More on the relation between energy and Laplacian energy of graphs, MATCH Commun. Math. Comput. Chem. 61, 2009, 395-401. Index entries for linear recurrences with constant coefficients, signature (5,-10,10,-5,1). FORMULA From Colin Barker, May 10 2018: (Start) G.f.: x*(5 - 6*x + 20*x^2 + 5*x^4) / (1 - x)^5. a(n) = 5*a(n-1) - 10*a(n-2) + 10*a(n-3) - 5*a(n-4) + a(n-5) for n>5. (End) MAPLE seq(n^4-3*n^3+9*n^2-7*n+5, n = 1 .. 40); MATHEMATICA Table[n (n - 1) (n^2 - 2 n + 7) + 5, {n, 1, 40}] (* Bruno Berselli, May 10 2018 *) PROG (PARI) Vec(x*(5 - 6*x + 20*x^2 + 5*x^4) / (1 - x)^5 + O(x^60)) \\ Colin Barker, May 10 2018 (GAP) List([1..40], n->n^4-3*n^3+9*n^2-7*n+5); # Muniru A Asiru, May 10 2018 CROSSREFS Cf. A304161. Sequence in context: A318946 A229239 A296330 * A001870 A025568 A001047 Adjacent sequences: A304159 A304160 A304161 * A304163 A304164 A304165 KEYWORD nonn,easy AUTHOR Emeric Deutsch, May 10 2018 STATUS approved

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Last modified May 18 08:45 EDT 2024. Contains 372618 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)