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A290114 Decimal representation of the diagonal from the origin to the corner of the n-th stage of growth of the two-dimensional cellular automaton defined by "Rule 643", based on the 5-celled von Neumann neighborhood. 4
1, 3, 5, 11, 23, 47, 95, 191, 383, 767, 1535, 3071, 6143, 12287, 24575, 49151, 98303, 196607, 393215, 786431, 1572863, 3145727, 6291455, 12582911, 25165823, 50331647, 100663295, 201326591, 402653183, 805306367, 1610612735, 3221225471, 6442450943, 12884901887 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,2

COMMENTS

Initialized with a single black (ON) cell at stage zero.

REFERENCES

S. Wolfram, A New Kind of Science, Wolfram Media, 2002; p. 170.

LINKS

Robert Price, Table of n, a(n) for n = 0..126

Robert Price, Diagrams of first 20 stages

Robert Price, Diagrams of first 20 stages

N. J. A. Sloane, On the Number of ON Cells in Cellular Automata, arXiv:1503.01168 [math.CO], 2015.

Eric Weisstein's World of Mathematics, Elementary Cellular Automaton

S. Wolfram, A New Kind of Science

Wolfram Research, Wolfram Atlas of Simple Programs

Index entries for sequences related to cellular automata

Index to 2D 5-Neighbor Cellular Automata

Index to Elementary Cellular Automata

FORMULA

For n>1, a(n) = 3*2^(n-1)-1.

a(n) = A266550(n+2) for n > 1. - Georg Fischer, Oct 30 2018

MATHEMATICA

CAStep[rule_, a_] := Map[rule[[10 - #]] &, ListConvolve[{{0, 2, 0}, {2, 1, 2}, {0, 2, 0}}, a, 2], {2}];

code = 643; stages = 128;

rule = IntegerDigits[code, 2, 10];

g = 2 * stages + 1; (* Maximum size of grid *)

a = PadLeft[{{1}}, {g, g}, 0, Floor[{g, g}/2]]; (* Initial ON cell on grid *)

ca = a;

ca = Table[ca = CAStep[rule, ca], {n, 1, stages + 1}];

PrependTo[ca, a];

(* Trim full grid to reflect growth by one cell at each stage *)

k = (Length[ca[[1]]] + 1)/2;

ca = Table[Table[Part[ca[[n]] [[j]], Range[k + 1 - n, k - 1 + n]], {j, k + 1 - n, k - 1 + n}], {n, 1, k}];

Table[FromDigits[Part[ca[[i]] [[i]], Range[i, 2 * i - 1]], 10], {i, 1, stages - 1}]

CROSSREFS

Essentially the same as A153893, A083329, A055010, A052940, A266550.

Cf. A290111, A290112, A290113, .

Sequence in context: A023223 A106086 A072828 * A032803 A335883 A030494

Adjacent sequences:  A290111 A290112 A290113 * A290115 A290116 A290117

KEYWORD

nonn,easy

AUTHOR

Robert Price, Jul 19 2017

STATUS

approved

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Last modified October 26 06:08 EDT 2021. Contains 348257 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)