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A290113 Decimal representation of the diagonal from the corner to the origin of the n-th stage of growth of the two-dimensional cellular automaton defined by "Rule 643", based on the 5-celled von Neumann neighborhood. 4
1, 3, 5, 13, 29, 61, 125, 253, 509, 1021, 2045, 4093, 8189, 16381, 32765, 65533, 131069, 262141, 524285, 1048573, 2097149, 4194301, 8388605, 16777213, 33554429, 67108861, 134217725, 268435453, 536870909, 1073741821, 2147483645, 4294967293, 8589934589 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,2

COMMENTS

Initialized with a single black (ON) cell at stage zero.

REFERENCES

S. Wolfram, A New Kind of Science, Wolfram Media, 2002; p. 170.

LINKS

Robert Price, Table of n, a(n) for n = 0..126

Robert Price, Diagrams of first 20 stages

N. J. A. Sloane, On the Number of ON Cells in Cellular Automata, arXiv:1503.01168 [math.CO], 2015.

Eric Weisstein's World of Mathematics, Elementary Cellular Automaton

S. Wolfram, A New Kind of Science

Wolfram Research, Wolfram Atlas of Simple Programs

Index entries for sequences related to cellular automata

Index to 2D 5-Neighbor Cellular Automata

Index to Elementary Cellular Automata

FORMULA

For n>1, a(n) = 2^(n+1)-3.

a(n) = A036563(n+1) for n > 1. - Georg Fischer, Oct 30 2018

MATHEMATICA

CAStep[rule_, a_] := Map[rule[[10 - #]] &, ListConvolve[{{0, 2, 0}, {2, 1, 2}, {0, 2, 0}}, a, 2], {2}];

code = 643; stages = 128;

rule = IntegerDigits[code, 2, 10];

g = 2 * stages + 1; (* Maximum size of grid *)

a = PadLeft[{{1}}, {g, g}, 0, Floor[{g, g}/2]]; (* Initial ON cell on grid *)

ca = a;

ca = Table[ca = CAStep[rule, ca], {n, 1, stages + 1}];

PrependTo[ca, a];

(* Trim full grid to reflect growth by one cell at each stage *)

k = (Length[ca[[1]]] + 1)/2;

ca = Table[Table[Part[ca[[n]] [[j]], Range[k + 1 - n, k - 1 + n]], {j, k + 1 - n, k - 1 + n}], {n, 1, k}];

Table[FromDigits[Part[ca[[i]] [[i]], Range[i, 2 * i - 1]], 10], {i, 1, stages - 1}]

CROSSREFS

Essentially the same as A091270.

Cf. A036563, A290111, A290112, A290114.

Sequence in context: A065047 A282565 A295617 * A238216 A067932 A339155

Adjacent sequences:  A290110 A290111 A290112 * A290114 A290115 A290116

KEYWORD

nonn,easy

AUTHOR

Robert Price, Jul 19 2017

STATUS

approved

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Last modified October 18 03:25 EDT 2021. Contains 348065 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)