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A257493 Number A(n,k) of n X n nonnegative integer matrices with all row and column sums equal to k; square array A(n,k), n >= 0, k >= 0, read by antidiagonals. 27
1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 2, 1, 1, 1, 3, 6, 1, 1, 1, 4, 21, 24, 1, 1, 1, 5, 55, 282, 120, 1, 1, 1, 6, 120, 2008, 6210, 720, 1, 1, 1, 7, 231, 10147, 153040, 202410, 5040, 1, 1, 1, 8, 406, 40176, 2224955, 20933840, 9135630, 40320, 1, 1, 1, 9, 666, 132724, 22069251, 1047649905, 4662857360, 545007960, 362880, 1 (list; table; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET
0,9
COMMENTS
Also the number of ordered factorizations of m^k into n factors, where m is a product of exactly n distinct primes and each factor is a product of k primes (counted with multiplicity). A(2,2) = 3: (2*3)^2 = 36 = 4*9 = 6*6 = 9*4.
LINKS
E. Banaian, S. Butler, C. Cox, J. Davis, J. Landgraf and S. Ponce, A generalization of Eulerian numbers via rook placements, arXiv:1508.03673 [math.CO], 2015.
D. M. Jackson & G. H. J. van Rees, The enumeration of generalized double stochastic nonnegative integer square matrices, SIAM J. Comput., 4.4 (1975), 474-477. (Annotated scanned copy)
Richard J. Mathar, 2-regular Digraphs of the Lovelock Lagrangian, arXiv:1903.12477 [math.GM], 2019.
M. L. Stein and P. R. Stein, Enumeration of Stochastic Matrices with Integer Elements, Report LA-4434, Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory of the University of California, Los Alamos, NM, Jun 1970. [Annotated scanned copy]
EXAMPLE
Square array A(n,k) begins:
1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, ...
1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, ...
1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, ...
1, 6, 21, 55, 120, 231, 406, ...
1, 24, 282, 2008, 10147, 40176, 132724, ...
1, 120, 6210, 153040, 2224955, 22069251, 164176640, ...
1, 720, 202410, 20933840, 1047649905, 30767936616, 602351808741, ...
MAPLE
with(numtheory):
b:= proc(n, k) option remember; `if`(n=1, 1, add(
`if`(bigomega(d)=k, b(n/d, k), 0), d=divisors(n)))
end:
A:= (n, k)-> b(mul(ithprime(i), i=1..n)^k, k):
seq(seq(A(n, d-n), n=0..d), d=0..8);
MATHEMATICA
b[n_, k_] := b[n, k] = If[n==1, 1, Sum[If[PrimeOmega[d]==k, b[n/d, k], 0], {d, Divisors[n]}]]; A[n_, k_] := b[Product[Prime[i], {i, 1, n}]^k, k]; Table[A[n, d-n], {d, 0, 10}, {n, 0, d}] // Flatten (* Jean-François Alcover, Feb 20 2016, after Alois P. Heinz *)
PROG
(Sage)
bigomega = sloane.A001222
@cached_function
def b(n, k):
if n == 1:
return 1
return sum(b(n//d, k) if bigomega(d) == k else 0 for d in n.divisors())
def A(n, k):
return b(prod(nth_prime(i) for i in (1..n))^k, k)
[A(n, d-n) for d in (0..10) for n in (0..d)] # Freddy Barrera, Dec 27 2018, translated from Maple
(Sage)
from sage.combinat.integer_matrices import IntegerMatrices
[IntegerMatrices([d-n]*n, [d-n]*n).cardinality() for d in (0..10) for n in (0..d)] # Freddy Barrera, Dec 27 2018
(PARI)
T(n, k)={
local(M=Map(Mat([n, 1])));
my(acc(p, v)=my(z); mapput(M, p, if(mapisdefined(M, p, &z), z+v, v)));
my(recurse(h, p, q, v, e) = if(!p, if(!e, acc(q, v)), my(i=poldegree(p), t=pollead(p)); self()(k, p-t*x^i, q+t*x^i, v, e); for(m=1, h-i, for(j=1, min(t, e\m), self()(if(j==t, k, i+m-1), p-j*x^i, q+j*x^(i+m), binomial(t, j)*v, e-j*m)))));
for(r=1, n, my(src=Mat(M)); M=Map(); for(i=1, matsize(src)[1], recurse(k, src[i, 1], 0, src[i, 2], k))); vecsum(Mat(M)[, 2])
} \\ Andrew Howroyd, Apr 04 2020
CROSSREFS
Rows n=0+1, 2-9 give: A000012, A000027(k+1), A002817(k+1), A001496, A003438, A003439, A008552, A160318, A160319.
Main diagonal gives A110058.
Cf. A257463 (unordered factorizations), A333733 (non-isomorphic matrices), A008300 (binary matrices).
Sequence in context: A291709 A326323 A368119 * A296526 A362377 A259844
KEYWORD
nonn,tabl
AUTHOR
Alois P. Heinz, Apr 26 2015
STATUS
approved

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Last modified June 13 09:43 EDT 2024. Contains 373383 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)