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A256130 Number T(n,k) of partitions of n into parts of exactly k sorts which are introduced in ascending order; triangle T(n,k), n>=0, 0<=k<=n, read by rows. 17
1, 0, 1, 0, 2, 1, 0, 3, 4, 1, 0, 5, 12, 7, 1, 0, 7, 30, 33, 11, 1, 0, 11, 72, 130, 77, 16, 1, 0, 15, 160, 463, 438, 157, 22, 1, 0, 22, 351, 1557, 2216, 1223, 289, 29, 1, 0, 30, 743, 5031, 10422, 8331, 2957, 492, 37, 1, 0, 42, 1561, 15877, 46731, 52078, 26073, 6401, 788, 46, 1 (list; table; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,5

COMMENTS

In general, column k>1 is asymptotic to c*k^n, where c = 1/(k!*Product_{n>=1} (1-1/k^n)) = 1/(k!*QPochhammer[1/k, 1/k]). - Vaclav Kotesovec, Jun 01 2015

LINKS

Alois P. Heinz, Rows n = 0..140, flattened

FORMULA

T(n,k) = A255970(n,k)/k! = (Sum_{i=0..k} (-1)^i * C(k,i) * A246935(n,k-i)) / A000142(k).

EXAMPLE

T(3,1) = 3: 1a1a1a, 2a1a, 3a.

T(3,2) = 4: 1a1a1b, 1a1b1a, 1a1b1b, 2a1b.

T(3,3) = 1: 1a1b1c.

Triangle T(n,k) begins:

  1;

  0,  1;

  0,  2,    1;

  0,  3,    4,     1;

  0,  5,   12,     7,     1;

  0,  7,   30,    33,    11,     1;

  0, 11,   72,   130,    77,    16,     1;

  0, 15,  160,   463,   438,   157,    22,    1;

  0, 22,  351,  1557,  2216,  1223,   289,   29,   1;

  0, 30,  743,  5031, 10422,  8331,  2957,  492,  37,  1;

  0, 42, 1561, 15877, 46731, 52078, 26073, 6401, 788, 46,  1;

MAPLE

b:= proc(n, i, k) option remember; `if`(n=0, 1, `if`(i<1, 0,

      b(n, i-1, k) +`if`(i>n, 0, k*b(n-i, i, k))))

    end:

T:= (n, k)-> add(b(n$2, k-i)*(-1)^i/(i!*(k-i)!), i=0..k):

seq(seq(T(n, k), k=0..n), n=0..10);

MATHEMATICA

b[n_, i_, k_] := b[n, i, k] = If[n==0, 1, If[i<1, 0, b[n, i-1, k] + If[i>n, 0, k*b[n-i, i, k]]]]; T[n_, k_] := Sum[b[n, n, k-i]*(-1)^i/(i!*(k-i)!), {i, 0, k}]; Table[Table[T[n, k], {k, 0, n}], {n, 0, 10}] // Flatten (* Jean-Fran├žois Alcover, Feb 21 2016, after Alois P. Heinz *)

CROSSREFS

Columns k=0-10 give: A000007, A000041 (for n>0), A258457, A258458, A258459, A258460, A258461, A258462, A258463, A258464, A258465.

Row sums give A258466.

T(2n,n) give A258467.

Cf. A000142, A246935, A255970, A262495, A319730.

Sequence in context: A285072 A300454 A155112 * A257566 A188286 A101603

Adjacent sequences:  A256127 A256128 A256129 * A256131 A256132 A256133

KEYWORD

nonn,tabl

AUTHOR

Alois P. Heinz, Mar 15 2015

STATUS

approved

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Last modified December 15 00:30 EST 2019. Contains 329988 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)