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 A220413 Number of ways to write n=x+y (x>=0, y>=0) with x^3+2*y^3 prime 16
 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 2, 1, 2, 1, 2, 2, 3, 3, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 2, 3, 4, 1, 4, 2, 3, 3, 3, 5, 5, 5, 3, 3, 5, 4, 4, 5, 6, 7, 4, 4, 5, 2, 6, 5, 5, 5, 4, 2, 4, 6, 4, 5, 4, 4, 8, 6, 5, 11, 6, 6, 8, 10, 5, 5, 5, 8, 6, 6, 11, 7, 5, 7, 9, 7, 6, 7, 8, 9, 6, 8, 10, 7, 11, 8, 7, 10, 9, 9, 6, 5, 7, 8, 13, 7, 9, 13, 13, 12, 9, 9 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
 OFFSET 1,6 COMMENTS Conjecture: a(n)>0 for every n=1,2,3,... Moreover, any integer n>3 not among 7, 22, 31 can be written as p+q (q>0) with p and p^3+2*q^3 both prime. We have verified this conjecture for n up to 10^8. D. R. Heath-Brown proved in 2001 that there are infinitely many primes in the form x^3+2*y^3, where x and y are positive integers. Zhi-Wei Sun also made the following general conjecture: For each positive odd integer m, any sufficiently large integer n can be written as x+y (x>=0, y>=0) with x^m+2*y^m prime. When m=1, this follows from Bertrand's postulate proved by Chebyshev in 1850. For m = 5, 7, 9, 11, 13, 15, 17, 19, it suffices to require that n is greater than 46, 69, 141, 274, 243, 189, 320, 454 respectively. LINKS Zhi-Wei Sun, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..10000 D. R. Heath-Brown, Primes represented by x^3 + 2y^3. Acta Mathematica 186 (2001), pp. 1-84. Zhi-Wei Sun, Conjectures involving primes and quadratic forms, arXiv:1211.1588. EXAMPLE a(9)=1 since 9=7+2 with 7^3+2*2^3=359 prime. a(22)=1 since 22=1+21 with 1^3+2*21^3=18523 prime. MATHEMATICA a[n_]:=a[n]=Sum[If[PrimeQ[k^3+2(n-k)^3]==True, 1, 0], {k, 0, n}] Do[Print[n, " ", a[n]], {n, 1, 100}] CROSSREFS Cf. A220272, A219842, A219864, A219923. Sequence in context: A112224 A058774 A033101 * A029217 A161230 A161054 Adjacent sequences:  A220410 A220411 A220412 * A220414 A220415 A220416 KEYWORD nonn AUTHOR Zhi-Wei Sun, Dec 13 2012 STATUS approved

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Last modified August 17 05:07 EDT 2022. Contains 356184 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)