

A219788


Consider the succession rule (x, y, z) > (z, y+z, x+y+z). Sequence gives z values starting at (0, 1, 2).


1



2, 3, 8, 17, 39, 87, 196, 440, 989, 2222, 4993, 11219, 25209, 56644, 127278, 285991, 642616, 1443945, 3244515, 7290359, 16381288, 36808420, 82707769, 185842670, 417584689, 938304279, 2108350577, 4737420744, 10644887786, 23918845739, 53745158520, 120764274993
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OFFSET

1,1


COMMENTS

The rule can be generalized for any number of starting terms s: (xs, ..., x2, x1) > (x1, x1 + x2, ..., x1 + x2 + ... + xs), using (0, 1, ..., s1) as seed values. This sequence is s=3, and s=2 yields the Fibonacci series.
For s=3 the ratio of S1 (the first in the subseries) to S3 (the 3rd in the subseries) converges on 2.2469796 and the ration of S2 (the 2nd in the subseries) to S3 converges on 1.2469796 thus the difference, S2S3, converges on 1 regardless of the seed values used.
For s=20 the series is: 19, 190, 2660, 33915, 445949, ....
a(n2) is the top left entry of the nth power of the 3 X 3 matrix [0, 1, 1; 1, 1, 1; 1, 0, 1] or of the 3 X 3 matrix [0, 1, 1; 1, 1, 0; 1, 1, 1].  R. J. Mathar, Feb 03 2014
From Andrew Pharo, Jun 02 2014: (Start)
For s=2 the ratio of successive terms is 1.6180339887... or phi (or phi(2));
for s=3 this ratio is 2.24697960412319..., phi(3) = 4*cos(Pi/7)^21 (see Falbo link);
for s=4 this ratio is 3.5133370918694...;
for s=20 this ratio is 13.0538985560545... and so on.
We can define a function phi(s) which approximates to:
phi(s) ~ phi(2) + theta*(s2) where theta ~ 0.636264133.
(End)


LINKS

Michael De Vlieger, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..2844
Clement Falbo, The Golden Ratio  A Contrary Viewpoint, Vol. 36, No. 2, March 2005, The College Mathematics Journal.
Yh. Guo, Some nColor Compositions, J. Int. Seq. 15 (2012) 12.1.2, eq. (10) and Theorem 8.
Brian Hopkins, Hua Wang, Restricted Color ncolor Compositions, arXiv:2003.05291 [math.CO], 2020.
R. Sachdeva and A. K. Agarwal, Combinatorics of certain restricted ncolor composition functions, Discrete Mathematics, 340, (2017), 361372.
Index entries for linear recurrences with constant coefficients, signature (2,1,1).


FORMULA

a(n) = 2a(n1) + a(n2)  a(n3).  Charles R Greathouse IV, Nov 28 2012
The essentially identical sequence 1,0,2,3,8,17,39,... with offset 0 is defined by a(n) = 2a(n1) + a(n2)  a(n3) with initial terms a(0)=1, a(1)=0, a(2)=2.  N. J. A. Sloane, Jan 16 2017
G.f.: x*(2+x) / ( 12*xx^2+x^3 ).  R. J. Mathar, Feb 03 2014
a(n) = 2*A006054(n+1)A006054(n).  R. J. Mathar, Aug 22 2016


EXAMPLE

The seed values are (0,1,2), giving a(1) = 2. (2, 2+1, 2+1+0) is the next triple, giving a(2) = 2+1+0 = 3. (3, 6, 8) is next, yielding a(3) = 8. The triples that follow begin (8,14,17), (17,31,39), etc.


MATHEMATICA

Rest@ CoefficientList[Series[x (2 + x)/(1  2 x  x^2 + x^3), {x, 0, 32}], x] (* Michael De Vlieger, Jun 17 2020 *)
sr[{x_, y_, z_}]:={z, y+z, x+y+z}; NestList[sr, {0, 1, 2}, 40][[All, 3]] (* Harvey P. Dale, Aug 18 2020 *)


PROG

(PARI) first(n)=my(x=0, y=1, z=2, v=List([z])); for(i=2, n, [x, y, z]=[z, y+z, x+y+z]; listput(v, c)); Vec(v) \\ Charles R Greathouse IV, Nov 28 2012


CROSSREFS

Sequence in context: A182889 A256169 A298405 * A099965 A319566 A294450
Adjacent sequences: A219785 A219786 A219787 * A219789 A219790 A219791


KEYWORD

nonn,easy


AUTHOR

Andrew Pharo, Nov 27 2012


STATUS

approved



