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A197433 Sum of distinct Catalan numbers: a(n) = Sum_{k>=0} A030308(n,k)*C(k+1) where C(n) is the n-th Catalan number (A000108). (C(0) and C(1) not treated as distinct.) 13
0, 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 7, 8, 14, 15, 16, 17, 19, 20, 21, 22, 42, 43, 44, 45, 47, 48, 49, 50, 56, 57, 58, 59, 61, 62, 63, 64, 132, 133, 134, 135, 137, 138, 139, 140, 146, 147, 148, 149, 151, 152, 153, 154, 174, 175, 176, 177, 179, 180, 181, 182, 188, 189, 190, 191, 193, 194, 195, 196 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET
0,3
COMMENTS
Replace 2^k with A000108(k+1) in binary expansion of n.
From Antti Karttunen, Jun 22 2014: (Start)
On the other hand, A244158 is similar, but replaces 10^k with A000108(k+1) in decimal expansion of n.
This sequence gives all k such that A014418(k) = A239903(k), which are precisely all nonnegative integers k whose representations in those two number systems contain no digits larger than 1. From this also follows that this is a subsequence of A244155.
(End)
LINKS
FORMULA
For all n, A244230(a(n)) = n. - Antti Karttunen, Jul 18 2014
G.f.: (1/(1 - x))*Sum_{k>=0} Catalan number(k+1)*x^(2^k)/(1 + x^(2^k)). - Ilya Gutkovskiy, Jul 23 2017
MATHEMATICA
nmax = 63;
a[n_] := If[n == 0, 0, SeriesCoefficient[(1/(1-x))*Sum[CatalanNumber[k+1]* x^(2^k)/(1 + x^(2^k)), {k, 0, Log[2, n] // Ceiling}], {x, 0, n}]];
Table[a[n], {n, 0, nmax}] (* Jean-François Alcover, Nov 18 2021, after Ilya Gutkovskiy *)
CROSSREFS
Characteristic function: A176137.
Subsequence of A244155.
Cf. also A060112.
Other sequences that are built by replacing 2^k in binary representation with other numbers: A022290 (Fibonacci), A029931 (natural numbers), A059590 (factorials), A089625 (primes), A197354 (odd numbers).
Sequence in context: A287339 A039086 A280060 * A153781 A255398 A050025
KEYWORD
easy,nonn
AUTHOR
Philippe Deléham, Oct 15 2011
EXTENSIONS
Name clarified by Antti Karttunen, Jul 18 2014
STATUS
approved

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Last modified June 25 04:54 EDT 2024. Contains 373697 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)