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A193889 Base at which the first composite occurs in the sequence p=prime(n), p1=base(p,9), p2=base(p1,8), p3=base(p2,7),..., where base(N,b) means N written in base b and read in base 10; a(n)=0 if p1,...,p8 are all prime. 2
2, 3, 5, 7, 9, 9, 9, 9, 9, 9, 9, 8, 9, 8, 9, 9, 9, 7, 9, 9, 9, 9, 9, 9, 9, 9, 9, 9, 8, 9, 6, 9, 9, 9, 9, 9, 9, 9, 9, 9, 9, 9, 9, 9, 9, 8, 9, 9, 9, 9, 9, 9, 9, 9, 9, 9, 9, 8, 7, 9, 9, 9, 9, 9, 9, 9, 9, 9, 9, 9, 9, 9, 9, 9, 8, 9, 9, 9, 9, 9, 9, 9, 9, 9, 9, 9, 9, 8, 9, 9 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,1

COMMENTS

Sequence suggested by a question asked in the "primenumbers" group, cf. link.

The first 4 occurs for p=26571169, at index n=1657999.

A variant of this sequence would have a(n)=10 for nonprime n, and a(prime(n))=A193889(n).

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=1..90.

J. Brennen, in reply to J. Merickel, Problem that should be solvable requiring scientific approach on yahoo group "primenumbers", Aug 07 2011.

James Merickel, Jack Brennen and others, Problem that should be solvable requiring scientific approach,  digest of 11 messages in primenumbers Yahoo group, Aug 6 - Aug 7, 2011.

EXAMPLE

a(1)=2 because for p=prime(1)=2, we have p=p1=...=p7=2 all prime, but p8=base(2,2)=10 is composite.

a(5)=9 because for p=prime(5)=11, we have already p1=base(11,9)=12 composite.

a(18)=7 because for p=prime(18)=61 we have p1=base(61,9)=67 and p2=base(67,8)=103 both prime, but p3=base(103,7)=205 composite.

a(1657999)=4 because for p=prime(1657999)=26571169 we have p1=base(p,9)=54887711, p2=base(p1,8)=321302437, p3=base(p2,7)=10651011541, p4=base(p3,6)=4520520050341 and p5=base(p4,5)=1043031011113102331 all prime, but p6=base(p5,4)=321321211302312223013032233323 composite.

PROG

(PARI) base(n, b)={my(a=n%b, t=1); while(0<n\=b, a+=n%b*t*=10); a}

A193889(N)={ N=prime(N); forstep(b=9, 2, -1, isprime(N=base(N, b)))||return(b))}

CROSSREFS

Cf. A193888.

Sequence in context: A274698 A139790 A118784 * A177922 A102246 A089743

Adjacent sequences:  A193886 A193887 A193888 * A193890 A193891 A193892

KEYWORD

nonn,base

AUTHOR

M. F. Hasler, Aug 07 2011

STATUS

approved

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Last modified September 20 17:42 EDT 2021. Contains 347588 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)