

A167604


A variant of EuclidMullin (A000945): a(1)=2, a(n+1) is the least prime dividing [Product_{i in I} a(i) + Product_{i not in I} a(i)], minimized over all I \subset {1..n}.


3



2, 3, 5, 11, 37, 13, 7, 29, 17, 19, 43, 23, 47, 41, 53, 31, 61, 59, 67, 79, 83, 73, 97, 71, 101, 89, 103, 127, 107, 113, 137, 131, 139, 109, 149, 151, 163, 157, 167, 173, 193, 211, 179, 191, 181, 223, 199, 197, 233, 227, 229, 239, 241, 251, 257, 307, 281, 269, 271, 293
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OFFSET

1,1


COMMENTS

By Euclid's argument, the a(i) are distinct.
One can ask whether all primes occur in this sequence.


LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=1..60.
Andrew R. Booker, A variant of the EuclidMullin sequence containing every prime, arXiv preprint arXiv:1605.08929 [math.NT], 2016.


FORMULA

For any n, we have Legendre symbol (a(1)*a(2)*...*a(n1) / a(n)) = 1. If p is the smallest prime such that (a(1)*a(2)*...*a(n1) / p) = 1, then a(n) >= p. Conjecture: For all n, a(n) = p. Note that if b is such that b^2 == a(1)*a(2)*...*a(n1) (mod p) and for some I, b == prod_{i in I} a(i) (mod p), then a(n) = p. Heuristically, I must exist for large enough n, since the number of possible subsets I is much larger than p.  Max Alekseyev, Nov 11 2009, May 20 2015


EXAMPLE

a(4)=11 which is the smallest prime dividing the 4 partitions 2+3*5=17, 3+2*5=13, 5+2*3=11, 1+2*3*5=31.


MAPLE

with(numtheory):p:=proc(N) local S, d : S:=NULL:for d in divisors(N) while d^2<=N do S:=S, divisors(d+N/d)[2] od : return(min(S)) end:
a :=n>if n = 1 then 2 else p(mul(a(i), i = 1 .. n1)) fi :
seq(a(n), n=1..15);
# Robert FERREOL, Oct 01 2019


PROG

(PARI) { A167604() = my(a, A, p, b, q, z); a = []; A=1; while(1, p=2; while( kronecker(A, p)!=1, p=nextprime(p+1) ); b=lift(sqrt(A+O(p))); z=znprimroot(p); q=lift(prod(i=1, #a, Mod(1+x^znlog(Mod(a[i], p), z, p1), 1x^(p1)) )); if( polcoeff(q, znlog(Mod(b, p), z, p1), x)==0, error("conjecture failed")); a=concat(a, [p]); A*=p; print1(p, ", ") ) } /* Max Alekseyev, May 20 2015 */


CROSSREFS

A167605 lists such n that the first n terms of a(n) is a permutation of the first n primes.
A000945 is the original EuclidMullin sequence (where I is restricted to the empty set).
Sequence in context: A061935 A067078 A124561 * A065510 A006721 A111289
Adjacent sequences: A167601 A167602 A167603 * A167605 A167606 A167607


KEYWORD

nonn


AUTHOR

Kok Seng Chua (chuakokseng(AT)hotmail.com), Nov 07 2009


EXTENSIONS

Edited and extended by Max Alekseyev, Nov 11 2009


STATUS

approved



