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A158721 Primes p such that (p + 1)/3 + p is prime. 3
2, 5, 17, 23, 53, 59, 113, 149, 167, 179, 197, 233, 269, 347, 359, 449, 557, 563, 617, 647, 683, 743, 773, 797, 827, 863, 977, 1049, 1103, 1187, 1319, 1367, 1373, 1409, 1499, 1583, 1607, 1733, 1787, 1877, 1907, 1913, 1997, 2003, 2039, 2267, 2309, 2339 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,1

COMMENTS

Original title was "Primes p such that Ceiling[p/3] + p is prime." If p = 1 mod 6, then p/3 falls between 2 and 3 mod 6, and the ceiling function bumps it up to 3 mod 6. Therefore ceiling(p/3) + p = 4 mod 6, which is an even number greater than 2 and therefore obviously composite.

Therefore the ceiling function is only necessary when the primality testing function requires an integer argument.

And so, aside from 2, all terms are congruent to 5 mod 6.

Set q = (p + 1)/3 + p, then (p + 1)/(q + 1) = 3/4. If this sequence is proven infinite, that would prove two specific cases of the Schinzel-SierpiƄski conjecture regarding rational numbers. - Alonso del Arte, Mar 12 2016

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=1..48.

EXAMPLE

2 is in the sequence because (2 + 1)/3 + 2 = 1 + 2 = 3, which is prime.

5 is in the sequence because (5 + 1)/3 + 5 = 2 + 5 = 7, which is prime.

11 is not in the sequence because (11 + 1)/3 + 11 = 15 = 3 * 5.

MATHEMATICA

Select[Prime[Range[350]], PrimeQ[(# + 1)/3 + #] &] (* Harvey P. Dale, Feb 24 2013, simplified by Alonso del Arte, Mar 12 2016 *)

CROSSREFS

Cf. A158708, A158709, A158710, A158711, A158712, A158713, A158714, A158719, A158720, A270384.

Sequence in context: A032605 A099243 A176247 * A118501 A023244 A188535

Adjacent sequences:  A158718 A158719 A158720 * A158722 A158723 A158724

KEYWORD

nonn

AUTHOR

Vladimir Joseph Stephan Orlovsky, Mar 24 2009

EXTENSIONS

Title simplified by Alonso del Arte, Mar 12 2016

STATUS

approved

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Last modified June 24 18:25 EDT 2021. Contains 345419 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)