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A152878 Triangle read by rows: T(n,k) is the number of permutations of {1,2,...,n} with maximal number of initial entries of the same parity equal to k (1 <= k <= ceiling(n/2)). 0
1, 2, 4, 2, 16, 8, 72, 36, 12, 432, 216, 72, 2880, 1440, 576, 144, 23040, 11520, 4608, 1152, 201600, 100800, 43200, 14400, 2880, 2016000, 1008000, 432000, 144000, 28800, 21772800, 10886400, 4838400, 1814400, 518400, 86400, 261273600 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,2

COMMENTS

Sum of entries in row n is n! = A000142(n).

Row n contains ceiling(n/2) entries.

REFERENCES

E. Deutsch and J. H. Nieto, Mathematics Magazine, Problem 1823, Vol. 83, No. 3, 2010, pp. 230-231. [From Emeric Deutsch, Aug 12 2010]

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=1..37.

FORMULA

a(2n,k) = 2nk!(2n-k-1)!binomial(n,k);

a(2n+1,k) = n!(n+1)!*binomial(2n-k+1,n).

From Emeric Deutsch, Aug 12 2010: (Start)

T(n,k) = (ceiling(n/2)*binomial(floor(n/2),k) + floor(n/2)*binomial(ceiling(n/2),k))*k!*(n-k-1)! (from J. H. Nieto's solution).

(End)

EXAMPLE

T(4,2)=8 because we have 1324, 1342, 3124, 3142, 2413, 2431, 4213 and 4231.

T(5,3)=12 because the first 3 entries form a permutation of (1,3,5) (6 choices) and the last 2 entries form a permutation of {2,4} (2 choices).

Triangle starts:

    1;

    2;

    4,   2;

   16,   8;

   72,  36,  12;

  432, 216,  72;

MAPLE

ae := proc (n, k) options operator, arrow: 2*n*factorial(k)*factorial(2*n-k-1)*binomial(n, k) end proc: ao := proc (n, k) options operator, arrow: factorial(n)*factorial(n+1)*binomial(2*n-k+1, n) end proc: a := proc (n, k) if `mod`(n, 2) = 0 and k <= (1/2)*n then ae((1/2)*n, k) elif `mod`(n, 2) = 1 and k <= ceil((1/2)*n) then ao((1/2)*n-1/2, k) else 0 end if end proc: for n to 12 do seq(a(n, k), k = 1 .. ceil((1/2)*n)) end do; # yields sequence in triangular form

CROSSREFS

Cf. A000142.

Sequence in context: A071353 A134763 A290645 * A186526 A326723 A227924

Adjacent sequences:  A152875 A152876 A152877 * A152879 A152880 A152881

KEYWORD

nonn,tabf

AUTHOR

Emeric Deutsch, Dec 26 2008

STATUS

approved

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Last modified June 22 21:29 EDT 2021. Contains 345393 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)