

A143942


Triangle read by rows: T(n,k) is the number of unordered pairs of vertices at distance k in a linear chain of n squares joined at vertices (i.e., joined like <><><>...<>; here <> is a square!); 1 <= k <= 2n.


1



4, 2, 8, 8, 4, 1, 12, 14, 8, 6, 4, 1, 16, 20, 12, 11, 8, 6, 4, 1, 20, 26, 16, 16, 12, 11, 8, 6, 4, 1, 24, 32, 20, 21, 16, 16, 12, 11, 8, 6, 4, 1, 28, 38, 24, 26, 20, 21, 16, 16, 12, 11, 8, 6, 4, 1, 32, 44, 28, 31, 24, 26, 20, 21, 16, 16, 12, 11, 8, 6, 4, 1, 36, 50, 32, 36, 28, 31, 24, 26
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OFFSET

1,1


COMMENTS

Row n has 2n entries.
The entries in row n are the coefficients of the Wiener polynomial of the linear chain of n squares.
Sum of entries in row n = 3n(3n+1)/2 = A081266(n).
Sum_{k=1..n} k*T(n,k) = the Wiener index of a linear chain of n squares joined at vertices (like <><><>...) = A143943(n).


LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=1..80.
B. E. Sagan, YN. Yeh and P. Zhang, The Wiener Polynomial of a Graph, Internat. J. of Quantum Chem., 60, 1996, 959969.


FORMULA

T(n,1) = 4n; T(n,2) = 6n4; T(n,2p+1) = 4(np); T(n,2p) = 5(np)+1.
G.f. = G(q,z) = qz/(4+2q+4qzq^3*z)/((1q^2*z)*(1z)^2).


EXAMPLE

T(2,1)=8 because the chain of 2 squares (<><>) has 8 edges.
Triangle starts:
4, 2;
8, 8, 4, 1;
12, 14, 8, 6, 4, 1;
16, 20, 12, 11, 8, 6, 4, 1;
20, 26, 16, 16, 12, 11, 8, 6, 4, 1;


MAPLE

T:=proc(n, k) if 2*n < k then 0 elif k = 1 then 4*n elif k = 2 then 6*n4 elif `mod`(k, 2)=1 then 4*n2*k+2 elif `mod`(k, 2)=0 then 5*n(5/2)*k+1 else 0 end if end proc: for n to 10 do seq(T(n, k), k=1..2*n) end do; # yields sequence in triangular form


CROSSREFS

Cf. A081266, A143943.
Sequence in context: A228834 A197016 A198145 * A265291 A195777 A125065
Adjacent sequences: A143939 A143940 A143941 * A143943 A143944 A143945


KEYWORD

nonn,tabf


AUTHOR

Emeric Deutsch, Sep 06 2008


STATUS

approved



