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 A143942 Triangle read by rows: T(n,k) is the number of unordered pairs of vertices at distance k in a linear chain of n squares joined at vertices (i.e., joined like <><><>...<>; here <> is a square!); 1 <= k <= 2n. 1
 4, 2, 8, 8, 4, 1, 12, 14, 8, 6, 4, 1, 16, 20, 12, 11, 8, 6, 4, 1, 20, 26, 16, 16, 12, 11, 8, 6, 4, 1, 24, 32, 20, 21, 16, 16, 12, 11, 8, 6, 4, 1, 28, 38, 24, 26, 20, 21, 16, 16, 12, 11, 8, 6, 4, 1, 32, 44, 28, 31, 24, 26, 20, 21, 16, 16, 12, 11, 8, 6, 4, 1, 36, 50, 32, 36, 28, 31, 24, 26 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
 OFFSET 1,1 COMMENTS Row n has 2n entries. The entries in row n are the coefficients of the Wiener polynomial of the linear chain of n squares. Sum of entries in row n = 3n(3n+1)/2 = A081266(n). Sum_{k=1..n} k*T(n,k) = the Wiener index of a linear chain of n squares joined at vertices (like <><><>...) = A143943(n). LINKS B. E. Sagan, Y-N. Yeh and P. Zhang, The Wiener Polynomial of a Graph, Internat. J. of Quantum Chem., 60, 1996, 959-969. FORMULA T(n,1) = 4n; T(n,2) = 6n-4; T(n,2p+1) = 4(n-p); T(n,2p) = 5(n-p)+1. G.f. = G(q,z) = qz/(4+2q+4qz-q^3*z)/((1-q^2*z)*(1-z)^2). EXAMPLE T(2,1)=8 because the chain of 2 squares (<><>) has 8 edges. Triangle starts: 4, 2; 8, 8, 4, 1; 12, 14, 8, 6, 4, 1; 16, 20, 12, 11, 8, 6, 4, 1; 20, 26, 16, 16, 12, 11, 8, 6, 4, 1; MAPLE T:=proc(n, k) if 2*n < k then 0 elif k = 1 then 4*n elif k = 2 then 6*n-4 elif `mod`(k, 2)=1 then 4*n-2*k+2 elif `mod`(k, 2)=0 then 5*n-(5/2)*k+1 else 0 end if end proc: for n to 10 do seq(T(n, k), k=1..2*n) end do; # yields sequence in triangular form CROSSREFS Cf. A081266, A143943. Sequence in context: A228834 A197016 A198145 * A265291 A195777 A125065 Adjacent sequences: A143939 A143940 A143941 * A143943 A143944 A143945 KEYWORD nonn,tabf AUTHOR Emeric Deutsch, Sep 06 2008 STATUS approved

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Last modified March 30 07:38 EDT 2023. Contains 361606 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)