

A140101


Start with Y(0)=0, X(1)=1, Y(1)=2. For n > 1, choose least positive integers Y(n) > X(n) such that neither Y(n) nor X(n) appear in {Y(k), 1 <= k < n} or {X(k), 1 <= k < n} and such that Y(n)X(n) does not appear in {Y(k)X(k), 1 <= k < n} or {Y(k)+X(k), 1 <= k < n}; sequence gives Y(n) (for X(n) see A140100).


32



0, 2, 5, 8, 11, 13, 16, 19, 22, 25, 28, 31, 33, 36, 39, 42, 45, 48, 50, 53, 56, 59, 62, 65, 68, 70, 73, 76, 79, 81, 84, 87, 90, 93, 96, 99, 101, 104, 107, 110, 113, 116, 118, 121, 124, 127, 130, 133, 136, 138, 141, 144, 147, 150, 153, 156, 158, 161, 164, 167, 170, 173
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OFFSET

0,2


COMMENTS

Sequence A140100 = {X(n), n >= 1} is the complement of the current sequence, while the sequence of differences, A140102 = {Y(n)X(n), n >= 1}, forms the complement of the sequence of sums, A140103 = {Y(n)+X(n), n >= 1}.
Compare with A140099(n) = [n*(1+t)], a Beatty sequence involving the tribonacci constant t = t^3  t^2  1 = 1.83928675521416113255...
Theorem: A140099(n)  A140101(n) is always in {1,0,1} (see A275926). (See also A276385.)
Comments from N. J. A. Sloane, Aug 30 2016: (Start) This is the same problem as the "Greedy Queens in a spiral" problem described in A273059. In A273059 the queens come in sets of 4, each set of 4 being on the same shell around the central square.
a(n) specifies the shell number for the successive sets of 4 (taking the central square to be shell 0, the 8 squares around the center to be shell 1, etc.).
For example, the queens at squares 9, 13, 17, 21 in the spiral (terms A273059(2)A273059(5)) are all on shell a(1) = 2. The next four queens, at squares 82, 92, 102, 112, are on shell a(2) = 5.
The four "spokes" in A273059 are given in A275916A275919. The precise connection with the current sequence is that a(n) = nearest integer to (1 + sqrt(A275917(n1)+1))/2.
This sequence links together the spokes A275916A275919 in the sense that A275918(n) = A275917(n)+2*a(n+1), A275919(n) = A275917(n)+4*a(n+1), and A275916(n+1) = A275917(n)+6*a(n+1).
(End)
Conjecture: a(n) = A003144(n) + n. (This is from my notebook Lattices 115 page 20 from Oct 25 2016. It is now a theorem  see the Dekking et al. paper.)  N. J. A. Sloane, Jul 22 2019


LINKS

N. J. A. Sloane, Table of n, a(n) for n = 0..50000, Sep 13 2016 (First 1001 terms from Reinhard Zumkeller)
F. Michel Dekking, Jeffrey Shallit, and N. J. A. Sloane, Queens in exile: nonattacking queens on infinite chess boards, Electronic J. Combin., 27:1 (2020), #P1.52.
Eric Duchêne and Michel Rigo, A morphic approach to combinatorial games: the Tribonacci case. RAIRO  Theoretical Informatics and Applications, 42, 2008, pp 375393. doi:10.1051/ita:2007039. [Also available here]
Robbert Fokkink, Dan Rust, A modification of Wythoff's Nim, arXiv:1904.08339 [math.CO], 2019.
N. J. A. Sloane, Maple program for A140100, A140101, A140102, A140103


FORMULA

CONJECTURE: the limit of a(n)/n = 1+t and limit of X(n)/n = 1+1/t so that limit of a(n)/X(n) = t = tribonacci constant (A058265), and thus the limit of [a(n) + X(n)]/[a(n)  X(n)] = t^2 and the limit of [a(n)^2 + X(n)^2]/[a(n)^2  X(n)^2] = t.
Conjectured recursion: Take first differences: 3, 3, 3, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 2, ... (appears to consist of only 3's and 2's); list the run lengths: 3, 1, 6, 1, 5, 1, 6, 1, 3, 1, 6, 1, 5, 1, 6, 1, ... {it appears that every second term is 1 and the other terms are 3, 5, and 6); and bisect, getting 3, 6, 5, 6, 3, 6, 5, 6, 6, 5, 6, 3, 6, ... This is (although I do not have a proof) the recursively defined A275925. Thanks to Alois P. Heinz for providing enough terms of A273059 to enable a (morally) convincing check of this conjecture.  N. J. A. Sloane, Aug 30 2016
From Michel Dekking, Mar 17 2019: (Start)
This conjecture can be reformulated as follows (cf. A140100).
The first differences of (a(n)) = (Y(n)) as a word are given by
3 delta(x),
where x is the tribonacci word x = A092782, and delta is the morphism
1 > 3333332,
2 > 333332,
3 > 3332.
This conjecture implies the frequency conjecture above: let N(i,n) be the number of letters i in a(1)a(2)...a(n). Then simple counting gives
a(7*N(1,n)+6*N(2,n)+4*N(3,n)) = 20*N(1,n)+17*N(2,n)+11*N(3,n), where we neglected the first symbol of a = Y.
It is well known (see, e.g., A092782) that the frequencies of 1, 2 and 3 in x are respectively 1/t, 1/t^2 and 1/t^3. Dividing all the N(i,n) by n, and letting n tend to infinity, we then have to see that
20/t + 17/t^2 + 11/t^3 = (1+t)*(7/t + 6/t^2 + 4/t^3).
This is a simple verification, using t^3 = t^2 + t + 1.
End)


EXAMPLE

Start with Y(0)=0, X(1)=1, Y(1)=2 ; Y(1)X(1)=1, Y(1)+X(1)=3.
Next choose X(2)=3 and Y(2)=5; Y(2)X(2)=2, Y(2)+X(2)=8.
Next choose X(3)=4 and Y(3)=8; Y(3)X(3)=4, Y(3)+X(3)=12.
Next choose X(4)=6 and Y(4)=11; Y(4)X(4)=5, Y(4)+X(4)=17.
Continue to choose the least positive X and Y > X not appearing earlier
such that YX and Y+X do not appear earlier as a difference or sum.
This sequence gives the ycoordinates of the positive quadrant in the construction given in the examples for A140100.


MAPLE

See link.


MATHEMATICA

y[0] = 0; x[1] = 1; y[1] = 2;
y[n_] := y[n] = For[yn = y[n  1] + 1, True, yn++, For[xn = x[n  1] + 1, xn < yn, xn++, xx = Array[x, n  1]; yy = Array[y, n  1]; If[FreeQ[xx, xn] && FreeQ[xx, yn] && FreeQ[yy, xn] && FreeQ[yy, yn] && FreeQ[yy  xx, yn  xn] && FreeQ[yy + xx, yn  xn], x[n] = xn; Return[yn]]]];
Table[y[n], {n, 0, 100}] (* JeanFrançois Alcover, Jun 17 2018 *)


PROG

(PARI) /* Print (x, y) coordinates of the positive quadrant */ {X=[1]; Y=[2]; D=[1]; S=[3]; print1("["X[1]", "Y[1]"], "); for(n=1, 100, for(j=2, 2*n, if(setsearch(Set(concat(X, Y)), j)==0, Xt=concat(X, j); for(k=j+1, 3*n, if(setsearch(Set(concat(Xt, Y)), k)==0, if(setsearch(Set(concat(D, S)), kj)==0, if(setsearch(Set(concat(D, S)), k+j)==0, X=Xt; Y=concat(Y, k); D=concat(D, kj); S=concat(S, k+j); print1("["X[ #X]", "Y[ #Y]"], "); break); break))))))}


CROSSREFS

Cf. A140100 (complement); A140102, A140103, A275926 (deviation from A140099).
Cf. related Beatty sequences: A140098, A140099; A000201.
Cf. A058265 (tribonacci constant).
Cf. Greedy Queens in a spiral, A273059, A275916, A275917, A275918, A275919, A275925.
See also A276385.
For first differences of A140100, A140101, A140102, A140103 see A305392, A305374, A305393, A305394.
Sequence in context: A093609 A249118 A292643 * A141207 A190057 A190305
Adjacent sequences: A140098 A140099 A140100 * A140102 A140103 A140104


KEYWORD

nonn


AUTHOR

Paul D. Hanna, Jun 04 2008


EXTENSIONS

Terms computed independently by Reinhard Zumkeller and Joshua Zucker
Edited and a(0)=0 added by N. J. A. Sloane, Aug 30 2016


STATUS

approved



