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A114200 When the n-th term of this sequence is added to or subtracted from the square of the n-th prime of the form 4k + 1 (i.e., A002144(n)), the result in both cases is a square. 1
24, 120, 240, 840, 840, 720, 2520, 1320, 5280, 6240, 9360, 3960, 10920, 3360, 18480, 14280, 24400, 17160, 6840, 31920, 10920, 26520, 43680, 50160, 16320, 35880, 57960, 73920, 38760, 15600, 46200, 100800, 107640, 122400, 138600, 128520, 148200 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,1

COMMENTS

This sequence and A002144 give rise to a class of monic polynomials x^2 + bx + c where b = +- A002144(n) and c = +- a(n)/4 that will factor over the integers regardless of the sign of c. For example, x^2 - 13x - 30 and x^2 - 13x + 30 are two such polynomials. Further polynomials with this property can be found by transforming the roots.

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=1..37.

EXAMPLE

a(2) = 120 and A002144(2) = 13. 13^2 - 120 = 7^2 and 13^2 + 120 = 17^2.

PROG

(PARI) getpr(n) = {nb = 0; p = 2; while (nb != n, p = nextprime(p+1); if ((p % 4) == 1, nb++); ); p; }

a(n) = {p = getpr(n); psq = p^2; k = 1; while (!issquare(psq+k) || !issquare(psq-k), if (k>psq, k = 0; break); k++; ); k; } \\ Michel Marcus, Sep 25 2013

CROSSREFS

Cf. A002144.

Sequence in context: A137799 A198438 A256629 * A229567 A069074 A059775

Adjacent sequences:  A114197 A114198 A114199 * A114201 A114202 A114203

KEYWORD

nonn

AUTHOR

Owen Mertens (owenmertens(AT)missouristate.edu), Nov 16 2005

EXTENSIONS

Definition corrected by Zak Seidov, Jul 20 2010

STATUS

approved

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Last modified January 22 19:15 EST 2022. Contains 350488 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)