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A100265 Triangle read by rows: T(n,k) is the number of k-matchings in the P_4 X P_n lattice graph. 2
1, 1, 3, 1, 1, 10, 29, 26, 5, 1, 17, 102, 267, 302, 123, 11, 1, 24, 224, 1044, 2593, 3388, 2150, 552, 36, 1, 31, 395, 2696, 10769, 25835, 36771, 29580, 12181, 2111, 95, 1, 38, 615, 5566, 31106, 111882, 261965, 395184, 372109, 206206, 60730, 7852, 281, 1, 45 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,3

COMMENTS

Row sums yield A033507. T(n,2n) yields A005178.

REFERENCES

H. Hosoya and A. Motoyama, An effective algorithm for obtaining polynomials for dimer statistics. Application of operator technique on the topological index to two- and three-dimensional rectangular and torus lattices, J. Math. Physics 26 (1985) 157-167 (eq. (46) and Table VI).

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=0..50.

FORMULA

G.f.= (1 - zt^2)(z^6*t^12 + z^5*t^10 - 2z^5*t^9 - 4z^4*t^8 - 5z^4*t^7 - 3z^4*t^6 - 2z^3*t^6 + 4z^2*t^4 + 11z^2*t^3 + 3z^2*t^2 + zt^2 + 2zt - 1)/( - 1 + z + t^18*z^9 + z^3*t^2 + 4z^3*t^3 - 4z^3*t^4 - 27z^3*t^5 - 15z^3*t^6 + 5z*t + 3zt^2 + 2tz^2 + 13z^2*t^2 + 21z^2*t^3 + 5z^2*t^4 - 2z^7*t^11 - 3z^7*t^12 - 9z^7*t^13 - 9z^7*t^14 - 3z^4*t^4 - 18z^4*t^5 - 41z^4*t^6 - 40z^4*t^7 - 9z^4*t^8 - z^8*t^14 - z^8*t^16 + z^8*t^15 + 3z^5*t^6 + 14z^5*t^7 + 29z^5*t^8 + 24z^5*t^9 + 21z^5*t^10 - z^6*t^8 + 6z^6*t^10 + 19z^6*t^11 + 5z^6*t^12).

The row generating polynomials A[n] satisfy A[n] = (5t + 1 + 3t^2)A[n - 1] + (13t^2 + 21t^3 + 5t^4 + 2t)A[n - 2] + ( - 27t^5 - 15t^6 + t^2 - 4t^4 + 4t^3)A[n - 3] + ( - 40t^7 - 9t^8 - 41t^6 - 18t^5 - 3t^4)A[n - 4] + (29t^8 + 21t^10 + 3t^6 + 24t^9 + 14t^7)A[n - 5] + (6t^10 + 5t^12 - t^8 + 19t^11)A[n - 6] + ( - 9t^13 - 2t^11 - 3t^12 - 9t^14)A[n - 7] + ( - t^16 - t^14 + t^15)A[n - 8] + t^18*A[n - 9]

EXAMPLE

T(2,4)=5 because in the graph P_4 X P_2 with vertices a(0,0), b(0,1), c(0,2),

d(0,3),a'(1,0),b'(1,1),c'(1,2),d'(1,3), we have the following 4-matchings

{aa',bb',cc',dd'},{aa',bb',cd,c'd'},{ab,a'b',cc',dd'},{ab,a'b',cd,c'd'} and {aa',bc,b'c',dd'} (perfect matchings, of course).

Triangle starts:

1;

1, 3, 1;

1, 10, 29, 26, 5;

1, 17, 102, 267, 302, 123, 11;

1, 24, 224, 1044, 2593, 3388, 2150, 552, 36;

MAPLE

G:= - (1 + 3*z^3*t^4 + 11*z^3*t^5 + 6*z^3*t^6 - 2*z*t - 2*z*t^2 - 3*z^2*t^2 - 9*z^2*t^3 - 3*z^2*t^4 + z^7*t^14 + 3*z^4*t^6 + 5*z^4*t^7 + 2*z^4*t^8 - 3*z^5*t^8 - 3*z^5*t^9 - 5*z^5*t^10 - 2*z^6*t^11)/( - 1 + z + t^18*z^9 + z^3*t^2 + 4*z^3*t^3 - 4*z^3*t^4 - 27*z^3*t^5 - 15*z^3*t^6 + 5*z*t + 3*z*t^2 + 2*z^2*t + 13*z^2*t^2 + 21*z^2*t^3 + 5*z^2*t^4 - 2*z^7*t^11 - 3*z^7*t^12 - 9*z^7*t^13 - 9*z^7*t^14 - 3*z^4*t^4 - 18*z^4*t^5 - 41*z^4*t^6 - 40*z^4*t^7 - 9*z^4*t^8 - z^8*t^14 - z^8*t^16 + z^8*t^15 + 3*z^5*t^6 + 14*z^5*t^7 + 29*z^5*t^8 + 24*z^5*t^9 + 21*z^5*t^10 - z^6*t^8 + 6*z^6*t^10 + 19*z^6*t^11 + 5*z^6*t^12):

Gser:=simplify(series(G, z=0, 11)): P[0]:=1: for n from 1 to 8 do P[n]:=coeff(Gser, z^n) od:for n from 0 to 8 do seq(coeff(t*P[n], t^k), k=1..2*n + 1) od; # yields sequence in triangular form

CROSSREFS

Cf. A033507, A005178.

Sequence in context: A172339 A060540 A087647 * A086766 A078688 A082466

Adjacent sequences:  A100262 A100263 A100264 * A100266 A100267 A100268

KEYWORD

nonn,tabf

AUTHOR

Emeric Deutsch, Dec 28 2004

STATUS

approved

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Last modified July 22 02:26 EDT 2019. Contains 325210 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)