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A100255 Squares of pentagonal numbers: a(n) = (1/4)*n^2*(3*n-1)^2. 2
0, 1, 25, 144, 484, 1225, 2601, 4900, 8464, 13689, 21025, 30976, 44100, 61009, 82369, 108900, 141376, 180625, 227529, 283024, 348100, 423801, 511225, 611524, 725904, 855625, 1002001, 1166400, 1350244, 1555009, 1782225, 2033476 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,3

COMMENTS

More generally, the ordinary generating function for the squares of k-gonal numbers is x*(1 + (k^2 - 5)*x + (4*k^2 - 18*k + 19)*x^2 + (k - 3)^2*x^3)/(1 - x)^5. - Ilya Gutkovskiy, Apr 13 2016

LINKS

Michael De Vlieger, Table of n, a(n) for n = 0..10000

L. Euler, De mirabilibus proprietatibus numerorum pentagonalium, par. 29

L. Euler, On the remarkable properties of the pentagonal numbers, arXiv:math/0505373 [math.HO], 2005.

Index entries for linear recurrences with constant coefficients, signature (5,-10,10,-5,1)

FORMULA

a(n) = A000326(n)^2.

G.f.: x*(1+20*x+29*x^2+4*x^3)/(1-x)^5. [Colin Barker, Feb 14 2012]

From Ilya Gutkovskiy, Apr 13 2016: (Start)

E.g.f.: x*(4 + 46*x + 48*x^2 + 9*x^3)*exp(x)/4.

a(n) = 5*a(n-1) - 10*(n-2) + 10*a(n-3) - 5*a(n-4) + a(n-5). (End)

MATHEMATICA

LinearRecurrence[{5, -10, 10, -5, 1}, {0, 1, 25, 144, 484}, 32] (* Ilya Gutkovskiy, Apr 13 2016 *)

Table[(1/4) n^2 (3 n - 1)^2, {n, 0, 31}] (* Michael De Vlieger, Apr 13 2016 *)

PROG

(PARI) a(n) = (1/4)*n^2*(3*n-1)^2 \\ Altug Alkan, Apr 13 2016

CROSSREFS

Cf. A000326, A100256.

Cf. similar sequences of the squares of k-gonal numbers:  A000537 (k = 3), A000583 (k = 4), this sequence (k = 5).

Sequence in context: A235713 A072471 A017042 * A052501 A193438 A139152

Adjacent sequences:  A100252 A100253 A100254 * A100256 A100257 A100258

KEYWORD

nonn,easy

AUTHOR

Ralf Stephan, Nov 13 2004

STATUS

approved

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Last modified May 3 15:24 EDT 2016. Contains 272361 sequences.