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A087561 Number of solutions to x^2 + 2y^2 == 0 (mod n). 3
1, 2, 5, 4, 1, 10, 1, 8, 21, 2, 21, 20, 1, 2, 5, 16, 33, 42, 37, 4, 5, 42, 1, 40, 25, 2, 81, 4, 1, 10, 1, 32, 105, 66, 1, 84, 1, 74, 5, 8, 81, 10, 85, 84, 21, 2, 1, 80, 49, 50, 165, 4, 1, 162, 21, 8, 185, 2, 117, 20, 1, 2, 21, 64, 1, 210, 133, 132, 5, 2, 1, 168, 145, 2, 125, 148, 21 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,2

LINKS

Andrew Howroyd, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..10000

L. Toth, Counting Solutions of Quadratic Congruences in Several Variables Revisited, J. Int. Seq. 17 (2014) # 14.11.6.

FORMULA

Multiplicative with a(2^e) = 2^e, a(p^e) = p^(2*floor(e/2)) for p - 2 == +-3 (mod 8), a(p^e) = ((p-1)*e+p)*p^(e-1) for p - 2 == +-1 (mod 8). - Andrew Howroyd, Jul 16 2018

MATHEMATICA

a[n_] := If[n == 1, 1, Product[{p, e} = pe; Which[p == 2, 2^e, Abs[Mod[p, 8] - 2] != 1, (p^2)^Quotient[e, 2], True, (p + e (p-1)) p^(e-1)], {pe, FactorInteger[n]}]];

a /@ Range[1, 100] (* Jean-François Alcover, Sep 20 2019, from PARI *)

PROG

(PARI) a(n)={my(v=vector(n)); for(i=0, n-1, v[i^2%n + 1]++); sum(i=0, n-1, v[i+1]*v[(-2*i)%n + 1])} \\ Andrew Howroyd, Jul 16 2018

(PARI) a(n)={my(f=factor(n)); prod(i=1, #f~, my(p=f[i, 1], e=f[i, 2]); if(p==2, 2^e, if(abs(p%8-2)<>1, (p^2)^(e\2), (p+e*(p-1))*p^(e-1))))} \\ Andrew Howroyd, Jul 16 2018

CROSSREFS

Cf. A086933, A088964, A088965, A089002.

Sequence in context: A116516 A011417 A231890 * A309771 A009738 A268647

Adjacent sequences: A087558 A087559 A087560 * A087562 A087563 A087564

KEYWORD

mult,nonn

AUTHOR

Yuval Dekel (dekelyuval(AT)hotmail.com), Oct 24 2003

EXTENSIONS

More terms from David Wasserman, Jun 07 2005

STATUS

approved

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Last modified December 7 10:26 EST 2022. Contains 358656 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)