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A008309 Triangle T(n,k) of arctangent numbers: expansion of arctan(x)^n/n!. 2
1, 1, -2, 1, -8, 1, 24, -20, 1, 184, -40, 1, -720, 784, -70, 1, -8448, 2464, -112, 1, 40320, -52352, 6384, -168, 1, 648576, -229760, 14448, -240, 1, -3628800, 5360256, -804320, 29568, -330, 1 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET
1,3
REFERENCES
L. Comtet, Advanced Combinatorics, Reidel, 1974, p. 260.
LINKS
FORMULA
E.g.f.: arctan(x)^k/k! = Sum_{n>=0} T(m, floor((k+1)/2))* x^m/m!, where m = 2*n + k mod 2.
EXAMPLE
With the zero coefficients included the data begins 1; 0,1; -2,0,1; 0,-8,0,1; 24,0,-20,0,1; 0,184,0,-40,0,1; ..., which is A049218.
The table without zeros begins
1;
1;
-2, 1;
-8, 1;
24, -20, 1;
184, -40, 1;
...
MATHEMATICA
t[n_, k_] := (-1)^((3*n+k)/2)*n!/2^k*Sum[2^i*Binomial[n-1, i-1]*StirlingS1[i, k]/i!, {i, k, n}]; Flatten[Table[t[n, k], {n, 1, 11}, {k, 2-Mod[n, 2], n, 2}]] (* Jean-François Alcover, Aug 31 2011, after Vladimir Kruchinin *)
PROG
(PARI) T(n, k)=polcoeff(serlaplace(a(2*k-n%2)), n) where a(n)=atan(x)^n/n!
CROSSREFS
Essentially same as A049218.
A007290(n) = -T(n, floor(n-1)/2);
A010050(n) = (-1)^n*T(2n+1, 1);
A049034(n) = (-1)^n*T(2n+2, 1);
A049214(n) = (-1)^n*T(2n+3, 2);
A049215(n) = (-1)^n*T(2n+4, 2);
A049216(n) = (-1)^n*T(2n+5, 3);
A049217(n) = (-1)^n*T(2n+6, 3).
Sequence in context: A101280 A321280 A351708 * A131175 A066532 A205397
KEYWORD
sign,tabf,nice
AUTHOR
EXTENSIONS
Additional comments from Michael Somos
STATUS
approved

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Last modified March 4 09:05 EST 2024. Contains 370528 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)