

A002810


Smallest number containing n syllables in UK English.
(Formerly M4341 N1818)


4



1, 7, 11, 27, 77, 107, 111, 127, 177, 777, 1127, 1177, 1777, 7777, 11777, 27777, 77777, 107777, 111777, 127777, 177777, 777777, 1127777, 1177777, 1777777, 7777777, 11777777, 27777777, 77777777, 107777777, 111777777, 127777777, 177777777, 777777777
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OFFSET

1,2


COMMENTS

This sequence uses UK English as opposed to US English. a(6) = 107 since "one hundred and seven" has six syllables.  N. J. A. Sloane, Nov 24 2009
Because of this convention, we do not have A075774(a(n))=n, since A075774 uses US English, i.e., without the "trailing 'and'". All terms from a(6)=107 on will have this 'and', therefore A075774(a(n)) = n1 for 5 < n < 18. From a(18)=107777 on, there is a second 'and', etc. See A045736 for the "American English" version, see A001167 for the analog considering the number of words.  M. F. Hasler, Nov 03 2013
a(19) = 111777 is precisely the number used for Berry's paradox. In UK English the name of the number 111777 requires 19 syllables  "one hundred and eleven thousand seven hundred and seventyseven"  and it's exactly the smallest number containing 19 syllables in UK English.
The paradox occurs when we consider that this integer is "the least integer not nameable in fewer than nineteen syllables" yet 111777 has just now been defined in eighteen syllables with this last sentence. So there is a contradiction, because the smallest integer expressible in no fewer than nineteen syllables can be expressed in eighteen syllables. This contradiction is Berry's paradox. (End)


REFERENCES

Rodolfo Kurchan, Mesmerizing Math Puzzles, by Sterling Publications, 2000, p. 18.
R. C. Penner, Discrete Mathematics, Proofs Techniques and Mathematical Structures, World Scientific, 1999, Reprinted 2001, p. 97.
N. J. A. Sloane, A Handbook of Integer Sequences, Academic Press, 1973 (includes this sequence).
N. J. A. Sloane and Simon Plouffe, The Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences, Academic Press, 1995 (includes this sequence).
David Wells, The Penguin Dictionary of Curious and Interesting Numbers, Penguin Books, Revised edition, 1997, p. 171.


LINKS



FORMULA

a(n+12) = a(n)*1000+777, as long as a(n+12) is less than one quadrillion (whatever scale is used).  M. F. Hasler, Nov 03 2013


EXAMPLE

"One" has one syllable, therefore a(1)=1; a(2)=7 since "seven" is the least number to have two syllables; a(3)=11 because eleven is the first to have 3 syllables.


PROG

(PARI) A002810(n)={if(n>12, A002810(n4*n=(n1)\12*3)*10^n+10^n\9*7, [1, 7, 11, 27, 77, 107, 111, 127, 177, 777, 1127, 1177][n])} \\ Valid up to a(58) (or a(84) when long scale is used).  M. F. Hasler, Nov 03 2013


CROSSREFS



KEYWORD

word,nonn


AUTHOR



EXTENSIONS



STATUS

approved



