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A002050 Number of simplices in barycentric subdivision of n-simplex.
(Formerly M3939 N1622)
23
0, 1, 5, 25, 149, 1081, 9365, 94585, 1091669, 14174521, 204495125, 3245265145, 56183135189, 1053716696761, 21282685940885, 460566381955705, 10631309363962709, 260741534058271801, 6771069326513690645 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET
0,3
COMMENTS
Stirling transform of A052849(n)=[1,4,12,48,240,...] is a(n)=[1,5,25,149,1081,...]. - Michael Somos, Mar 04 2004
Stirling transform of A000142(n-1)=[0,1,2,6,24,...] is a(n-1)=[0,1,5,25,149,...]. - Michael Somos, Mar 04 2004
Stirling transform of 2*A005359(n-1)=[1,0,4,0,48,0,...] is a(n-1)=[1,1,5,25,149,...]. - Michael Somos, Mar 04 2004
"Stirling-Bernoulli transform" of A000225. - Paul Barry, Apr 20 2005
a(n) is the number of nonempty words that can be formed from an alphabet of nonempty subsets of [n] so that the letters in each word are pairwise disjoint. - Geoffrey Critzer, Apr 12 2009
Row sums of A053440. - Peter Bala, Jul 12 2014
Conjecture: Let k be a positive integer. The sequence obtained by reducing a(n) modulo k is eventually periodic with the period dividing phi(k) = A000010(k). For example, modulo 9 we obtain the sequence [0, 1, 5, 7, 5, 1, 5, 4, 5, 7, 5, 1, 5, 4, 5, 7, 5, 1, 5, 4, 5, 7, 5, ...], with an apparent period of 6 = phi(9) beginning at a(5). - Peter Bala, Aug 03 2023
REFERENCES
R. Austin, R. K. Guy, and R. Nowakowski, unpublished notes, circa 1987.
Ulrike Sattler, Decidable classes of formal power series with nice closure properties, Diplomarbeit im Fach Informatik, Univ. Erlangen - Nuernberg, Jul 27 1994
N. J. A. Sloane, A Handbook of Integer Sequences, Academic Press, 1973 (includes this sequence).
N. J. A. Sloane and Simon Plouffe, The Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences, Academic Press, 1995 (includes this sequence).
LINKS
R. Austin, R. K. Guy, & R. Nowakowski, Unpublished notes, 1987
D. S. Kluk & N. J. A. Sloane, Correspondence, 1979
G. J. Simmons, A combinatorial problem associated with a family of combination locks, Math. Mag., 37 (1964), 127-132 (but there are errors).
G. J. Simmons, A combinatorial problem associated with a family of combination locks, Math. Mag., 37 (1964), 127-132 [Annotated, corrected, scanned copy]
J. F. Steffensen, On a class of polynomials and their application to actuarial problems, Skandinavisk Aktuarietidskrift, Vol. 11, pp. 75-97, 1928.
FORMULA
E.g.f.: (exp(2x)-exp(x))/(2-exp(x)).
a(n) = A000629(n) - 1.
a(n) = Sum_{k=0..n} (-1)^(n-k)k!*S2(n, k)(2^k-1). - Paul Barry, Apr 20 2005
a(n) = Sum_{k=1...n} binomial(n,k)*A000670(k). - Geoffrey Critzer, Apr 12 2009
a(n) ~ n!/log(2)^(n+1). - Vaclav Kotesovec, Jul 29 2013
a(n) = 1 + 2*Sum_{k=2..n} k!*Stirling2(n,k), n > 0, a(0)=1. - Vladimir Kruchinin, Sep 27 2013
G.f.: T(0)/(1-2*x) - 1/(1-x), where T(k) = 1 - 2*x^2*(k+1)^2/(2*x^2*(k+1)^2 - (1 - 2*x - 3*x*k)*(1 - 5*x - 3*x*k)/T(k+1) ); (continued fraction). - Sergei N. Gladkovskii, Nov 29 2013
G.f.: Sum_{j>=1} j!*x^j / Product_{k=0..j} (1 - (k + 1)*x). - Ilya Gutkovskiy, Apr 04 2019
MATHEMATICA
Table[Sum[Binomial[n, i]*Sum[StirlingS2[i, k]*k!, {k, 1, i}], {i, 1, n}], {n, 0, 20}] (* Geoffrey Critzer, Apr 12 2009 *)
With[{nn=20}, CoefficientList[Series[(Exp[2x]-Exp[x])/(2-Exp[x]), {x, 0, nn}], x] Range[0, nn]!] (* Harvey P. Dale, May 28 2013 *)
a[0] = 0; a[n_] := 2*Sum[k!*StirlingS2[n, k], {k, 2, n}] + 1; Table[a[n], {n, 0, 18}] (* Jean-François Alcover, Sep 27 2013, after Vladimir Kruchinin *)
PROG
(PARI) a(n)=if(n<0, 0, n!*polcoeff(subst((y+y^2)/(1-y), y, exp(x+x*O(x^n))-1), n));
CROSSREFS
A000629, A000670, A002050, A052856, A076726 are all more-or-less the same sequence. - N. J. A. Sloane, Jul 04 2012
A diagonal of the triangle in A241168. Row sums of A053440.
Sequence in context: A121639 A098349 A098212 * A047782 A106565 A200031
KEYWORD
nonn,easy,nice
AUTHOR
EXTENSIONS
More terms from James A. Sellers, Aug 22 2000
STATUS
approved

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