The OEIS Foundation is supported by donations from users of the OEIS and by a grant from the Simons Foundation.

 Hints (Greetings from The On-Line Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences!)
 A093954 Decimal expansion of Pi/(2*sqrt(2)). 22
 1, 1, 1, 0, 7, 2, 0, 7, 3, 4, 5, 3, 9, 5, 9, 1, 5, 6, 1, 7, 5, 3, 9, 7, 0, 2, 4, 7, 5, 1, 5, 1, 7, 3, 4, 2, 4, 6, 5, 3, 6, 5, 5, 4, 2, 2, 3, 4, 3, 9, 2, 2, 5, 5, 5, 7, 7, 1, 3, 4, 8, 9, 0, 1, 7, 3, 9, 1, 0, 8, 6, 9, 8, 2, 7, 4, 8, 6, 8, 4, 7, 7, 6, 4, 3, 8, 3, 1, 7, 3, 3, 6, 9, 1, 1, 9, 1, 3, 0, 9, 3, 4 (list; constant; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
 OFFSET 1,5 COMMENTS The value is the length Pi*sqrt(2)/4 of the diagonal in the square with side length Pi/4 = Sum_{n>=0} (-1)^n/(2n+1) = A003881. The area of the circumcircle of this square is Pi*(Pi*sqrt(2)/8)^2 = Pi^3/32 = A153071. - Eric Desbiaux, Jan 18 2009 This is the value of the Dirichlet L-function of modulus m=8 at argument s=1 for the non-principal character (1,0,1,0,-1,0,-1,0). See arXiv:1008.2547. - R. J. Mathar, Mar 22 2011 Also equals integral_{0, infinity} 1/(x^4+1) dx. - Jean-François Alcover, Apr 29 2013 Archimedes's-like scheme: set p(0) = sqrt(2), q(0) = 1; p(n+1) = 2*p(n)*q(n)/(p(n)+q(n)) (harmonic mean, i.e., 1/p(n+1) = (1/p(n) + 1/q(n))/2), q(n+1) = sqrt(p(n+1)*q(n)) (geometric mean, i.e., log(q(n+1)) = (log(p(n+1)) + log(q(n)))/2), for n >= 0. The error of p(n) and q(n) decreases by a factor of approximately 4 each iteration, i.e., approximately 2 bits are gained by each iteration. Set r(n) = (2*q(n) + p(n))/3, the error decreases by a factor of approximately 16 for each iteration, i.e., approximately 4 bits are gained by each iteration. For a similar scheme see also A244644. - A.H.M. Smeets, Jul 12 2018 REFERENCES George Boros and Victor H. Moll, Irresistible integrals, Cambridge University Press (2006), p. 149. Jolley, Summation of Series, Dover (1961) eq 76 page 16. LINKS Harry J. Smith, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..20000 J. M. Borwein, P. B. Borwein, K. Dilcher, Pi, Euler numbers and asymptotic expansions, Amer. Math. Monthly, 96 (1989), 681-687. R. J. Mathar, Table of Dirichlet L-series and prime zeta modulo functions for small moduli, arXiv:1008.2547 [math.NT], 2010-2015, table 7 and section 2.2, value of L(m=8,r=4,s=1). Eric Weisstein's World of Mathematics, Bifoliate FORMULA From Peter Bala, Feb 05 2015: (Start) Pi/(2*sqrt(2)) = Sum_{k >= 0} binomial(2*k,k)*1/(2*k + 1)*(1/8)^k. The integer sequences A(n) := 2^n*(2*n + 1)! and B(n) := A(n)*( Sum {k = 0..n} binomial(2*k,k)*1/(2*k + 1)*(1/8)^k ) both satisfy the second order recurrence equation u(n) = (12*n^2 + 1)*u(n-1) - 4*(n - 1)*(2*n - 1)^3*u(n-2). From this observation we can obtain the continued fraction expansion Pi/(2*sqrt(2)) = 1 + 1/(12 - 4*3^3/(49 - 4*2*5^3/(109 - 4*3*7^3/(193 - ... - 4*(n - 1)*(2*n - 1)^3/((12*n^2 + 1) - ... ))))). Cf. A002388 and A019670. (End) From Peter Bala, Mar 03 2015: (Start) Pi/(2*sqrt(2)) = Sum_{k >= 0} (-1)^floor(k/2)/(2*k + 1) = limit (n -> infinity) Sum_{k = -n .. n - 1} (-1)^k/(4*k + 1). We conjecture the asymptotic expansion Pi/(2*sqrt(2)) - Sum {k = 0..n - 1} (-1)^floor(k/2)/(2*k + 1) ~ 1/(2*n) - 3/(2*n)^3 + 57/(2*n)^5 - 2763/(2*n)^7 + ..., where n is a multiple of 4 and the sequence of unsigned coefficients [1, 3, 57, 2763, ...] is A000281. An example with n = 5000 is given below. (End) From Peter Bala, Sep 21 2016: (Start) c = 2 * Sum_{k >= 0} (-1)^k * (4*k + 2)/((4*k + 1)*(4*k + 3)) = A181048 + A181049. The asymptotic expansion conjectured above follows from the asymptotic expansions given in A181048 and A181049. c = 1/2 * Integral_{x = 0..Pi/2} sqrt(tan(x)) dx. (End) From Peter Bala, Nov 24 2016: (Start) Let m be an odd integer and n a nonnegative integer. Then Pi/(2*sqrt(2)) = 2^n*m^(2*n)*(2*n)!*Sum_{k >= 0} (-1)^(n+floor(k/2)) * 1/Product_{j = -n..n} (2*k + 1 + 2*m*j). Cf. A003881. In the particular case m = 1 the result has the equivalent form: for n a nonnegative integer, Pi/(2*sqrt(2)) = 2^n*(2*n)!*Sum_{k >= 0} (-1)^(n+k)*(8*k + 4)* 1/Product_{j = -n..n+1} (4*k + 2*j + 1). The case m = 1, n = 1 is considered in the Example section below. Let m be an odd integer and n a nonnegative integer. Then Pi/(2*sqrt(2)) = 4^n*m^(2*n)*(2*n)!*Sum_{k >= 0} (-1)^(n+floor(k/2)) * 1/Product_{j = -n..n} (2*k + 1 + 4*m*j). (End) Equals Integral_{x = 0..inf} cosh(x)/cosh(2*x) dx. - Peter Bala, Nov 01 2019 Equals Sum_{k>=1} A188510(k)/k = Sum_{k>=1} Kronecker(-8,k)/k = 1 + 1/3 - 1/5 - 1/7 + 1/9 + 1/11 - 1/13 - 1/15 + ... - Jianing Song, Nov 16 2019 From Amiram Eldar, Jul 16 2020: (Start) Equals Product_{k>=1} (1 - (-1)^k/(2*k+1)). Equals Integral_{x=0..oo} dx/(x^2 + 2). Equals Integral_{x=0..Pi/2} dx/(sin(x)^2 + 1). (End) EXAMPLE 1.11072073... = 1/A112628. From Peter Bala, Mar 03 2015: (Start) Asymptotic expansion at n = 5000. The truncated series Sum_{k = 0..5000 - 1} (-1)^floor(k/2)/(2*k + 1) = 1.110(6)207345(42)591561(18)3970(5238)1.... The bracketed digits show where this decimal expansion differs from that of Pi/(2*sqrt(2)). The numbers 1, -3, 57, -2763 must be added to the bracketed numbers to give the correct decimal expansion to 30 digits: Pi/(2*sqrt(2)) = 1.110(7)207345(39)591561(75)3970 (2475)1.... (End) From Peter Bala, Nov 24 2016: (Start) Case m = 1, n = 1: Pi/(2*sqrt(2)) = 4*Sum_{k >= 0} (-1)^(1 + floor(k/2))/((2*k - 1)*(2*k + 1)*(2*k + 3)). We appear to have the following asymptotic expansion for the tails of this series: for N divisible by 4, Sum_{k >= N/2} (-1)^floor(k/2)/((2*k - 1)*(2*k + 1)*(2*k + 3)) ~ 1/N^3 - 14/N^5 + 691/N^7 - 62684/N^9 - ..., where the coefficient sequence [1, 0, -14, 0, 691, 0, -62684, ...] appears to come from the e.g.f. (1/2!)*cosh(x)/cosh(2*x)*sinh(x)^2 = x^2/2! - 14*x^4/4! + 691*x^6/6! - 62684*x^8/8! + .... Cf. A019670. For example, take N = 10^5. The truncated series Sum_{k = 0..N/2 -1} (-1)^(1+floor(k/2))/((2*k - 1)*(2*k + 1)*(2*k + 3)) = 0.27768018363489(8)89043849(11)61878(80026)6163(351171)58.... The bracketed digits show where this decimal expansion differs from that of (1/4)*Pi/(2*sqrt(2)). The numbers -1, 14, -691, 62684 must be added to the bracketed numbers to give the correct decimal expansion: (1/4)*Pi/(2*sqrt(2)) = 0.27768018363489(7) 89043849(25)61878(79335)6163(413855)58... (End) MAPLE simplify( sum((cos((1/2)*k*Pi)+sin((1/2)*k*Pi))/(2*k+1), k = 0 .. infinity) );  # Peter Bala, Mar 09 2015 MATHEMATICA RealDigits[Pi/Sqrt@8, 10, 111][[1]] (* Michael De Vlieger, Sep 23 2016 and slightly modified by Robert G. Wilson v, Jul 23 2018 *) PROG (PARI) default(realprecision, 20080); x=Pi*sqrt(2)/4; for (n=1, 20000, d=floor(x); x=(x-d)*10; write("b093954.txt", n, " ", d)); \\ Harry J. Smith, Jun 17 2009 CROSSREFS Cf. A161684 (continued fraction). Cf. A002388, A019670. Cf. A000281, A063448, A247719, A193887, A244976, A181048, A181049. Cf. A003881, A251809, A188510. Sequence in context: A245740 A318922 A236565 * A177703 A266814 A200338 Adjacent sequences:  A093951 A093952 A093953 * A093955 A093956 A093957 KEYWORD nonn,cons,easy AUTHOR Eric W. Weisstein, Apr 19 2004 STATUS approved

Lookup | Welcome | Wiki | Register | Music | Plot 2 | Demos | Index | Browse | More | WebCam
Contribute new seq. or comment | Format | Style Sheet | Transforms | Superseeker | Recent
The OEIS Community | Maintained by The OEIS Foundation Inc.

Last modified October 28 04:06 EDT 2020. Contains 338048 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)