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A048669 The Jacobsthal function g(n): maximal gap in a list of all the integers relatively prime to n. 14
1, 2, 2, 2, 2, 4, 2, 2, 2, 4, 2, 4, 2, 4, 3, 2, 2, 4, 2, 4, 3, 4, 2, 4, 2, 4, 2, 4, 2, 6, 2, 2, 3, 4, 3, 4, 2, 4, 3, 4, 2, 6, 2, 4, 3, 4, 2, 4, 2, 4, 3, 4, 2, 4, 3, 4, 3, 4, 2, 6, 2, 4, 3, 2, 3, 6, 2, 4, 3, 6, 2, 4, 2, 4, 3, 4, 3, 6, 2, 4, 2, 4, 2, 6, 3, 4, 3, 4, 2, 6, 3, 4, 3, 4, 3, 4, 2, 4, 3, 4, 2, 6, 2, 4, 5 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,2

COMMENTS

Equivalently, g(n) is the least integer such that among any g(n) consecutive integers i, i+1, ..., i+g(n)-1 there is at least one which is relatively prime to n.

The definition refers to all integers, not just those in the range 1..n-1.

Differs from A070194 by 1 at the primes. - T. D. Noe, Mar 21 2007

Jacobsthal's function is used in the proofs of Recamán's and Pomerance's conjectures on P-integers--see A192224. - Jonathan Sondow, Jun 14 2014

REFERENCES

H. Iwaniec, On the problem of Jacobsthal, Demonstratio Math. 11 (1978), pp. 225-231.

E. Jacobsthal, Uber Sequenzen ganzer Zahlen, von denen keine zu n teilerfremd ist, I, II, III. Norske Videnskabsselskab Forhdl., 33, 1960, 117-139.

Kanold, Hans-Joachim. "Über eine zahlentheoretische Funktion von Jacobsthal." Mathematische Annalen 170.4 (1967): 314-326.

D. S. Mitrinovic et al., Handbook of Number Theory, Kluwer, Pages 33-34.

Pomerance, Carl. "A note on the least prime in an arithmetic progression." Journal of Number Theory 12.2 (1980): 218-223.

Stevens, Harlan. "On Jacobsthal's g(n)-function." Mathematische Annalen 226.1 (1977): 95-97.

E. Westzynthius, Uber die Verteilung der Zahlen, die zu der n ersten Primzahlen teilerfremd sind, Comm. Phys. Math. Helsingfors 25 (1931), 1-37.

LINKS

T. D. Noe, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..10000

Fintan Costello, and Paul Watts, A short note on Jacobsthal's function, arXiv preprint arXiv:1306.1064 [math.NT], 2013.

P. Erdős, On the integers relatively prime to n and on a number theoretic function considered by Jacobsthal. Math. Scand., 10, 1962, 163-170.

Gerhard R. Paseman, Updating an upper bound of Erik Westzynthius, arXiv preprint arXiv:1311.5944 [math.NT], 2013-2014.

Mario Ziller, John F. Morack, Algorithmic concepts for the computation of Jacobsthal's function, arXiv:1611.03310 [math.NT], 2016.

FORMULA

From N. J. A. Sloane, Apr 19 2017 (Start):

g(n) = g(Rad(n)) (cf. A007947). So in studying g(n) we may focus on the case when n is a product of w (say) distinct primes.

g(n) <= 2^w for all w [Kanold].

g(n) <= 2^(1/w) for all w >= e^50 [Kanold].

For some unknown X, g(n) <= X*(w*log(w))^2 for all w [Iwaniec].

(End)

g(n) << (log(n))^2, as proved by Iwaniec. - Charles R Greathouse IV, Sep 08 2012.

EXAMPLE

g(6)=4 because the gap between 1 and 5, both being relatively prime to 6, is maximal and 5-1 = 4.

g(7)=2, because the numbers relatively prime to 7 are 1,2,3,4,5,6,8,9,10,..., and the biggest gap is 2. Similarly a(p) = 2 for any prime p. - N. J. A. Sloane, Sep 08 2012

MATHEMATICA

g[n_] := Module[{L = 1, m = 1}, For[k = 2, k <= n+1, k++, If[GCD[k, n] == 1, If[L+m < k, m = k-L]; L = k]]; m]; Table[g[n], {n, 1, 105}] (* Jean-François Alcover, Sep 03 2013, after M. F. Hasler *)

PROG

(PARI) A048669(n)={my(L=1, m=1); for(k=2, n+1, gcd(k, n)>1&next; L+m<k&m=k-L; L=k); m} \\ M. F. Hasler, Sep 08 2012

(Haskell)

a048669 n = maximum $ zipWith (-) (tail ts) ts where

   ts = a038566_row n ++ [n + 1]

-- Reinhard Zumkeller, Oct 01 2012

CROSSREFS

Cf. A048670, A070971. Essentially same as A049298. See A132468 for another version.

Cf. A007947, A038566, A192224, A285183.

Sequence in context: A216321 A058263 A232398 * A158522 A034444 A073180

Adjacent sequences:  A048666 A048667 A048668 * A048670 A048671 A048672

KEYWORD

nonn,easy,nice

AUTHOR

Jan Kristian Haugland (jankrihau(AT)hotmail.com)

EXTENSIONS

Edited, changed symbol to g(n), added references pertaining to bounds. - N. J. A. Sloane, Apr 19 2017

STATUS

approved

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Last modified October 23 23:22 EDT 2017. Contains 293833 sequences.