The OEIS mourns the passing of Jim Simons and is grateful to the Simons Foundation for its support of research in many branches of science, including the OEIS.
login
The OEIS is supported by the many generous donors to the OEIS Foundation.

 

Logo
Hints
(Greetings from The On-Line Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences!)
A362589 Triangular array read by rows. T(n,k) is the number of ways to form an ordered pair of n-permutations and then choose a size k subset of its common descent set, n >= 0, 0 <= k <= max{0,n-1}. 0
1, 1, 4, 1, 36, 18, 1, 576, 432, 68, 1, 14400, 14400, 3900, 250, 1, 518400, 648000, 252000, 32400, 922, 1, 25401600, 38102400, 19404000, 3880800, 262542, 3430, 1, 1625702400, 2844979200, 1795046400, 493920000, 56664384, 2119152, 12868, 1 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET
0,3
LINKS
L. Carlitz, R. Scoville and T. Vaughan, Enumeration of pairs of permutations and sequences, Bull. Amer. Math. Soc., 80 (1974), 881-884.
FORMULA
Sum_{n>=0} Sum_{k=0..n-1} T(n,k)*u^k*z^n/(n!)^2 = u/(u + 1 - E(u*z)) where E(z) = Sum_{n>=0} z^n/(n!)^2.
Column k=1: Sum_{k=1..n-1} A192721(n,k)*k gives total number of common descents over all permutation pairs.
EXAMPLE
Triangle begins:
1;
1;
4, 1;
36, 18, 1;
576, 432, 68, 1;
14400, 14400, 3900, 250, 1;
...
MATHEMATICA
nn = 8; B[n_] := n!^2; e[z_] := Sum[z^n/B[n], {n, 0, nn}]; Map[Select[#, # > 0 &] &, Table[B[n], {n, 0, nn}] CoefficientList[Series[u/(u + 1 - e[u z]), {z, 0, nn}], {z, u}]] // Flatten
CROSSREFS
Cf. A001044 (column k=0), A102221 (row sums), A192721.
Sequence in context: A144267 A011801 A169656 * A303987 A297900 A363819
KEYWORD
nonn,tabf
AUTHOR
Geoffrey Critzer, May 01 2023
STATUS
approved

Lookup | Welcome | Wiki | Register | Music | Plot 2 | Demos | Index | Browse | More | WebCam
Contribute new seq. or comment | Format | Style Sheet | Transforms | Superseeker | Recents
The OEIS Community | Maintained by The OEIS Foundation Inc.

License Agreements, Terms of Use, Privacy Policy. .

Last modified June 18 03:29 EDT 2024. Contains 373468 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)