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 A360533 a(n) = index of the diagonal of the natural number array, A000027, that includes prime(n). See Comments. 0
 1, -1, 0, 3, 4, 0, 3, -1, 4, 7, 3, 8, 0, -4, 7, -5, 4, 0, 11, 3, -1, 12, 4, -8, 3, -5, -9, 12, 8, 0, 3, -5, 16, 12, -8, -12, 11, -1, -9, 16, 4, 0, 19, 15, 7, 3, 20, -4, -12, -16, 19, 7, 3, -17, 16, 4, -8, -12, 23, 15, 11, -9, 12, 4, 0, -8, 15, 3, -17, -21 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
 OFFSET 1,4 COMMENTS The natural number array, A000027 = (w(n,k)) = (n + (n + k - 2) (n + k - 1)/2), has corner: 1 2 4 7 ... 3 5 8 12 ... 6 9 13 18 ... 10 14 19 25 ... The indexing of diagonals is given in A191360. Conjecture: Every odd-indexed diagonal contains infinitely many primes. LINKS Table of n, a(n) for n=1..70. EXAMPLE Prime(1) = 2 is in the diagonal (w(n,n+1)), so a(1) = 1. Prime(13) = 43 is in the diagonal (w(n,n-4)), so a(7) = -4. MATHEMATICA Map[1 + #[[1]] - 2 #[[2]] &[{#[[2]], #[[1]] - ((#[[2]] - 1) + (#[[2]] - 1)^2)/ 2} &[{#, Floor[(1 + Sqrt[8 # - 7])/2]}] &[Prime[#]]] &, Range[1000]] (* Peter J. C. Moses, Feb 07 2023 *) CROSSREFS Cf. A000027, A000040, A185787, A191360. Sequence in context: A025278 A200514 A063405 * A346524 A139401 A110061 Adjacent sequences: A360530 A360531 A360532 * A360534 A360535 A360536 KEYWORD easy,sign AUTHOR Clark Kimberling, Feb 10 2023 STATUS approved

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Last modified April 12 07:56 EDT 2024. Contains 371626 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)