login
The OEIS is supported by the many generous donors to the OEIS Foundation.

 

Logo
Hints
(Greetings from The On-Line Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences!)
A345645 Numbers whose square can be represented in exactly one way as the sum of a square and a biquadrate (fourth power). 9
5, 15, 20, 34, 39, 41, 45, 60, 80, 85, 111, 125, 135, 136, 150, 156, 164, 175, 180, 194, 219, 240, 245, 255, 265, 306, 313, 320, 325, 340, 351, 353, 369, 371, 375, 405, 410, 444, 445, 455, 500, 505, 514, 540, 544, 600, 605, 609, 624, 629, 656, 671, 674, 689 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET
1,1
COMMENTS
Numbers z such that there is exactly one solution to z^2 = x^2 + y^4.
From Karl-Heinz Hofmann, Oct 21 2021: (Start)
No term can be a square (see the comment from Altug Alkan in A111925).
Terms must have at least one prime factor of the form p == 1 (mod 4), a Pythagorean prime (A002144).
Additionally, if the terms have prime factors of the form p == 3 (mod 4), which are in A002145, then they must appear in the prime divisor sets of x and y too.
The special prime factor 2 has the same behavior, i.e., if the term is even, x and y must be even too. (End)
LINKS
EXAMPLE
3^2 + 2^4 = 9 + 16 = 25 = 5^2, so 5 is a term.
60^2 + 5^4 = 63^2 + 4^4 = 65^2, so 65 is not a term.
MATHEMATICA
Select[Range@100, Length@Solve[x^2+y^4==#^2&&x>0&&y>0, {x, y}, Integers]==1&] (* Giorgos Kalogeropoulos, Jun 25 2021 *)
PROG
(Python)
terms = []
for i in range(1, 700):
occur = 0
ii = i*i
for j in range(1, i):
k = int((ii - j*j) ** 0.25)
if k*k*k*k + j*j == ii:
occur += 1
if occur == 1:
terms.append(i)
print(terms)
(PARI) inlist(list, v) = for (i=1, #list, if (list[i]==v, return(1)));
isok(m) = {my(list = List()); for (k=1, sqrtnint(m^2, 4), if (issquare(j=m^2-k^4) && !inlist(vecsort([k^4, j^2])), listput(list, vecsort([k^4, j^2]))); ); #list == 1; } \\ Michel Marcus, Jun 26 2021
CROSSREFS
Cf. A000290, A000583, A180241, A271576 (all solutions).
Cf. A345700 (2 solutions), A345968 (3 solutions), A346110 (4 solutions), A348655 (5 solutions), A349324 (6 solutions), A346115 (the least solutions).
Cf. A002144 (p == 1 (mod 4)), A002145 (p == 3 (mod 4)).
Sequence in context: A045176 A273908 A271576 * A274535 A027184 A328249
KEYWORD
nonn
AUTHOR
Mohammad Tejabwala, Jun 21 2021
STATUS
approved

Lookup | Welcome | Wiki | Register | Music | Plot 2 | Demos | Index | Browse | More | WebCam
Contribute new seq. or comment | Format | Style Sheet | Transforms | Superseeker | Recents
The OEIS Community | Maintained by The OEIS Foundation Inc.

License Agreements, Terms of Use, Privacy Policy. .

Last modified February 21 07:54 EST 2024. Contains 370219 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)