

A343705


Numbers that are the sum of five positive cubes in exactly three ways.


8



766, 810, 827, 829, 865, 883, 981, 1018, 1025, 1044, 1070, 1105, 1108, 1142, 1145, 1161, 1168, 1226, 1233, 1259, 1289, 1350, 1368, 1424, 1431, 1439, 1441, 1457, 1487, 1492, 1494, 1529, 1531, 1538, 1550, 1555, 1568, 1583, 1587, 1592, 1593, 1594, 1609, 1611, 1613, 1639, 1648, 1665, 1672, 1674, 1688, 1707, 1711
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OFFSET

1,1


COMMENTS

This sequence differs from A343704 at term 20 because 1252 = 1^3 + 1^3 + 5^3 + 5^3 + 10^3 = 1^3 + 2^3 + 3^3 + 6^3 + 10^3 = 3^3 + 3^3 + 7^3 + 7^3 + 8^3 = 3^3 + 4^3 + 6^3 + 6^3 + 9^3. Thus this term is in A343704 but not in this sequence.
If we weaken positive cubes to nonnegative cubes, Deshouillers, Hennecart, and Landreau (2000) give numerical and heuristic evidence that all numbers past 7373170279850 are representable as the sum of 4 nonnegative cubes.
So if they are right, then eventually we can just take some N and represent each of (N1^3, N2^3, N3^3, N4^3) as the sum of four cubes and then take 1^3, 2^3, 3^3, or 4^3 as our fifth cube, giving at least four 5cube representations for N.
So it is very likely that the set of numbers representable by the sum of 5 positive cubes in exactly three ways is finite. (End)
It is conjectured that the number of ways of writing N as a sum of 5 positive cubes grows like C(N)*N^(2/3), where C(N) depends on N but is bounded away from zero by an absolute constant (Vaughan, 1981; Vaughan and Wooley, 2002). So the number will exceed 3 as soon as N is large enough, and so it is very likely that this sequence is finite. However, at present this is an open question.  N. J. A. Sloane, May 15 2021 (based on correspondence with Robert Vaughan and Trevor Wooley).


REFERENCES

R. C. Vaughan, The HardyLittlewood Method, Cambridge University Press, 1981.
R. C. Vaughan, Trevor Wooley (2002), Waring's Problem: A Survey. In Michael A. Bennet, Bruce C. Berndt, Nigel Boston, Harold G. Diamond, Adolf J. Hildebrand, Walter Philipp (eds.). Number Theory for the Millennium. III. Natick, MA: A. K. Peters, pp. 301340.


LINKS

JeanMarc Deshouillers, François Hennecart, and Bernard Landreau, 7373170279850, Math. Comp. 69 (2000), pp. 421439. Appendix by I. Gusti Putu Purnaba.


EXAMPLE

827 is a term of this sequence because 827 = 1^3 + 4^3 + 5^3 + 5^3 + 8^3 = 2^3 + 2^3 + 5^3 + 7^3 + 7^3 = 2^3 + 3^3 + 4^3 + 6^3 + 8^3.


MATHEMATICA

Select[Range@2000, Length@Select[PowersRepresentations[#, 5, 3], FreeQ[#, 0]&]==3&] (* Giorgos Kalogeropoulos, Apr 26 2021 *)


PROG

(Python)
from itertools import combinations_with_replacement as cwr
from collections import defaultdict
keep = defaultdict(lambda: 0)
power_terms = [x**3 for x in range(1, 50)]#n
for pos in cwr(power_terms, 5):#m
tot = sum(pos)
keep[tot] += 1
rets = sorted([k for k, v in keep.items() if v == 3])#s
for x in range(len(rets)):
print(rets[x])


CROSSREFS



KEYWORD

nonn,easy


AUTHOR



STATUS

approved



