login
The OEIS Foundation is supported by donations from users of the OEIS and by a grant from the Simons Foundation.

 

Logo


Hints
(Greetings from The On-Line Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences!)
A343015 Decimal expansion of the probability that at least 2 of 23 randomly selected people share a birthday, considering leap years. 0
5, 0, 6, 8, 7, 6, 0, 9, 3, 1, 6, 5, 2, 7, 8, 4, 5, 5, 2, 2, 2, 4, 3, 9, 3, 1, 3, 1, 6, 0, 5, 1, 1, 2, 3, 7, 7, 7, 3, 5, 2, 6, 9, 9, 8, 2, 5, 4, 8, 5, 2, 6, 1, 0, 5, 6, 1, 9, 4, 1, 2, 1, 4, 3, 8, 1, 4, 1, 3, 7, 2, 5, 8, 4, 6, 7, 8, 6, 3, 3, 5, 4, 8, 4, 9, 5, 1 (list; constant; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,1

COMMENTS

The usual solution of the Birthday Problem, 1 - ((365!)/((365 - 23)! * 365^23)) = 0.507297... (A333507), is based on the assumption that all the years have 365 days.

The solution given by Nandor (2004) includes leap years, i.e., 97 years of 366 days in each cycle of 400 years of the Gregorian calendar.

With the addition of leap-year days, i.e., the possibility of having a birthday on February 29, the probability is reduced to 0.506876...

This constant is a rational number: its numerator and denominator have 111 and 112 digits, respectively.

The sequence has a period of 7.983424...*10^108.

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=0..86.

M. J. Nandor, Including Leap Year in the Canonical Birthday Problem, The Mathematics Teacher, Vol. 97, No. 2 (2004), pp. 87-89.

Eric Weisstein's World of Mathematics, Birthday Problem.

Wikipedia, Birthday problem.

Wikipedia, Gregorian calendar.

FORMULA

Equals 1 - (365!/((365 - 23)! * 365^23)) * (146000/146097)^23 * (1 + 97 * 365 * 23/146000/(366 - 23)).

EXAMPLE

0.50687609316527845522243931316051123777352699825485...

MATHEMATICA

RealDigits[1 - (365!/((365 - 23)! * 365^23)) * (146000/146097)^23 * (1 + 97 * 365 * 23/146000/(366 - 23)), 10, 100][[1]]

CROSSREFS

Cf. A011763, A014088, A333507.

Sequence in context: A320375 A200419 A271522 * A069206 A291800 A091685

Adjacent sequences:  A343012 A343013 A343014 * A343016 A343017 A343018

KEYWORD

nonn,cons

AUTHOR

Amiram Eldar, Apr 02 2021

STATUS

approved

Lookup | Welcome | Wiki | Register | Music | Plot 2 | Demos | Index | Browse | More | WebCam
Contribute new seq. or comment | Format | Style Sheet | Transforms | Superseeker | Recent
The OEIS Community | Maintained by The OEIS Foundation Inc.

License Agreements, Terms of Use, Privacy Policy. .

Last modified September 28 06:57 EDT 2021. Contains 347703 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)