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A342731 a(1)=0; for n >= 2, a(n) is the number of iterations needed for the map (x/y) -> (A000203(x)*A000005(y)) / (A000005(x)*A000203(y)) to reache a cycle, when starting from x = n. If no cycle is reachable, a(n) = -1. 0
0, 2, 3, 4, 4, 4, 5, 8, 10, 14, 5, 5, 6, 5, 5, 16, 11, 6, 15, 6, 9, 11, 6, 6, 10, 16, 15, 6, 6, 11, 17, 16, 6, 11, 6, 10, 16, 6, 6, 11, 10, 6, 12, 6, 7, 7, 7, 10, 16, 11, 7, 12, 16, 6, 7, 6, 7, 11, 12, 6, 18, 7, 8, 18, 10, 7, 12, 10, 7, 7, 11, 12, 17, 9, 7, 12 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,2

COMMENTS

Extension of A342718 to rational numbers. I assume the map reaches only 3 possible cycles: [1], [(4/3) <-> (7/6)], [(3/4) <-> (6/7)], but have no proof for this.

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=1..76.

EXAMPLE

n = 11; 11 -> s(11)/d(11) = 6 -> s(6)/d(6) = 3 -> s(3)/d(3) = 2 -> s(2)/d(2) = 3/2 -> (s(3)*d(2))/(d(3)*s(2)) = 4/3 -> (s(4)*d(3))/(d(4)*s(3)) = 7/6 -> (s(7)*d(6))/(d(7)*s(6)) = 4/3 ..., so a(11) = 5 steps needed to reach a cycle [4/3 <-> 7/6]; s(x) = A000203(x), d(x) = A000005(x).

n = 16; 16 -> 31/5 -> 16/3 -> 31/10 -> 32/9 -> 63/26 -> 104/63 -> 315/208 -> 260/217 -> 49/64 -> 133/127 -> 5/8 -> 4/5 -> 7/9 -> 12/13 -> 2/3 -> 3/4 -> 6/7 -> 3/4 ->..., so a(16) = 16 steps needed to reach a cycle [3/4 <-> 6/7].

MATHEMATICA

f[n_] := Divide @@ DivisorSigma[{1, 0}, n]; g[x_] := Divide @@ (f /@ {Numerator[x], Denominator[x]}); a[1] = 0; a[n_] := Length @ NestWhileList[g, n, UnsameQ, All] - 3; Array[a, 100] (* Amiram Eldar, Mar 21 2021 *)

PROG

(PARI) a(n) = my(v=List([n]), s, t, x, y); for(k=1, oo, x=numerator(v[k]); y=denominator(v[k]); s=1; listput(v, t=sigma(x)*numdiv(y)/sigma(y)/numdiv(x)); while(v[s]!=t, s++); if(s<=k, return(s-1))); \\ Jinyuan Wang, Mar 21 2021

CROSSREFS

Cf. A000005, A000203, A003601, A049642, A342718.

Sequence in context: A029085 A087875 A195848 * A099777 A221917 A131798

Adjacent sequences:  A342728 A342729 A342730 * A342732 A342733 A342734

KEYWORD

nonn

AUTHOR

Ctibor O. Zizka, Mar 20 2021

STATUS

approved

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Last modified October 16 19:36 EDT 2021. Contains 348044 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)