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A341939 Numbers m such that phi(m)/tau(m) is a square of an integer where phi is the Euler totient function (A000010) and tau is the number of divisors function (A000005). 2
1, 3, 8, 10, 18, 19, 24, 30, 34, 45, 52, 57, 73, 74, 85, 102, 125, 135, 140, 152, 153, 156, 163, 182, 185, 190, 202, 219, 222, 252, 255, 333, 342, 360, 375, 394, 416, 420, 436, 451, 455, 456, 459, 476, 489, 505, 514, 546, 555, 570, 584, 606, 625, 629, 640, 646, 679, 680, 730 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,2

COMMENTS

The first 11 terms of this sequence are also the first 11 terms of A341938: m such that phi(m)*tau(m) is a square, then, a(12) = 57 while A341938(12) = 54. Indeed, if phi(m)/tau(m) is a perfect square then phi(m)*tau(m) is also a square, but the converse is false. These counterexamples are in A341940, the first one is 54 (last example).

Some subsequences (see examples):

-> The seven terms that satisfy also tau(m) = phi(m) form the subsequence A020488 with phi(m)/tau(m) = 1^2.

-> Primes p of the form 2*k^2 + 1 (A090698) form another subsequence because tau(p) = 2 and phi(p) = p-1 = 2*k^2, so phi(p)/tau(p) = k^2.

-> Cubes p^3 where p is a prime of the form k^2+1 (A002496) form another subset because if p = 2, phi(8)/tau(8)=1, and if p odd, phi(p^3)/tau(p^3) = (k*p/2)^2 with k even.

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=1..59.

EXAMPLE

phi(30) = 8, tau(30) = 8 so phi(30)/tau(30) = 1^2, and 30 is a term.

phi(45) = 24, tau(45) = 6, so phi(45)/tau(45) = 4 = 2^2, and 85 is a term.

phi(125) = 100, tau(125) = 4, so phi(125)/tau(125) = 25 = 5^2, and 125 is a term.

phi(54) = 18, tau(54) = 8, and phi(54)/tau(54) = 18/8 = 9/4 = (3/2)^2 and 54 is not a term while phi(54)*tau(54) = 12^2.

MAPLE

with(numtheory): filter:= q -> phi(q)/tau(q) = floor(phi(q)/tau(q)) and issqr(phi(q)/tau(q)) : select(filter, [$1..750]);

MATHEMATICA

Select[Range[1000], IntegerQ @ Sqrt[EulerPhi[#]/DivisorSigma[0, #]] &] (* Amiram Eldar, Feb 24 2021 *)

PROG

(PARI) isok(m) = my(x=eulerphi(m)/numdiv(m)); (denominator(x)==1) && issquare(x); \\ Michel Marcus, Feb 24 2021

CROSSREFS

Intersection of A020491 and A341938.

Similar for: A144695 (sigma(n)/tau(n) perfect square), A293391 (sigma(n)/phi(n) perfect square).

Subsequences: A090698, A020488.

Cf. A069237, A289585, A341940.

Cf. A000005 (phi), A000010(tau).

Sequence in context: A181022 A185870 A341938 * A244353 A143144 A261929

Adjacent sequences:  A341936 A341937 A341938 * A341940 A341941 A341942

KEYWORD

nonn

AUTHOR

Bernard Schott, Feb 24 2021

STATUS

approved

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Last modified May 6 16:29 EDT 2021. Contains 343586 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)