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 A337140 Numbers m = a + b with a and b positive integers whose product a*b = k^2 is a square. 1
 2, 4, 5, 6, 8, 10, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 20, 22, 24, 25, 26, 28, 29, 30, 32, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 44, 45, 46, 48, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 58, 60, 61, 62, 64, 65, 66, 68, 70, 72, 73, 74, 75, 76, 78, 80, 82, 84, 85, 86, 87, 88, 89, 90, 91 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
 OFFSET 1,1 COMMENTS Related to Heron triangles with a partition point on one of the sides. Calculations become quite different when the partition a + b = m gives the perfect square k^2 = a*b. These numbers coincide with the numbers > 1 not in A004614. Let m = 2^t * p_1^a_1 * p_2^a_2 * ... * p_r^a_r * q_1^b_1 * q_2^b_2 * ... * q_s^b_s with t >= 0, a_i >= 0 for i=1..r, where p_i == 1 (mod 4) for i=1..r and q_j == -1 (mod 4) for j=1..s. Even numbers (A005843) belong to this sequence: m = 2*k and p = k^2. Numbers divisible by a prime q congruent to 1 (mod 4) (cf. A004613) belong to this sequence: m = q * m_1 = (u^2 + v^2) * m_1 and p = (u*v*q)^2. The other numbers are divisible only by primes congruent to 3 (mod 4) (cf. A004614). If a term m is not in the union of A005843 and A004613, then m = q_1^b_1 * q_2^b_2 * ... * q_s^b_s is a term of A018825 (numbers not the sum of two nonzero squares) = q_i * m_1 = q_i *(u^2 + v) and p = q_i^2 * u^2 * v for all u^2 < m_1 and v nonsquare. And so m is not a term: A contradiction. LINKS EXAMPLE Even numbers m = 2*k give a = b = k. For example, 94 = 47+47 and k^2 = 47^2. Numbers which are divisible by a prime q congruent to 1 (mod 4) give m = q*m' = (u^2 + v^2)*m' and p = (u*v*m')^2. For example, 87 = 3*29 = 3*(25 + 4) = (5*4*3)^2 = 60^2. MATHEMATICA Select[Range, Length @ Select[Times @@@ IntegerPartitions[#, {2}], IntegerQ @ Sqrt[#1] &] > 0 &] (* Amiram Eldar, Aug 26 2020 *) PROG (PARI) upto(n) = { my(res = List(vector(n\2, i, 2*i))); forstep(i = 1, n, 2, c = core(i); for(k = 1, sqrtint((n-i)\c), listput(res, i + c*k^2); ) ); listsort(res, 1); res } \\ David A. Corneth, Aug 26 2020 (PARI) is(n) = for(i = 1, n\2 + 1, if(issquare(i * (n-i)), return(n>1))); 0 \\ David A. Corneth, Aug 26 2020 CROSSREFS Cf. A004614. Cf. A004613, A005843, A018825. Sequence in context: A189796 A284818 A192584 * A171946 A285385 A026435 Adjacent sequences:  A337137 A337138 A337139 * A337141 A337142 A337143 KEYWORD nonn,easy AUTHOR Hein van Winkel, Aug 18 2020 STATUS approved

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Last modified October 5 14:35 EDT 2022. Contains 357258 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)