

A336446


Squares visited by a chess queen moving on a squarespiral numbered board where the queen moves to an unvisited square containing the smallest prime number.


4



1, 2, 3, 5, 7, 19, 17, 13, 11, 23, 47, 43, 41, 37, 31, 29, 53, 127, 79, 73, 71, 67, 103, 101, 97, 61, 59, 131, 89, 83, 173, 167, 163, 157, 151, 107, 109, 271, 211, 199, 197, 193, 191, 139, 137, 239, 181, 179, 641, 457, 241, 251, 257, 263, 149, 397, 389, 313, 311, 307, 293, 113, 281
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OFFSET

1,2


COMMENTS

This sequences gives the numbers of the squares visited by a chess queen moving on a squarespiral numbered board where the queen starts on the 1 numbered square and at each step moves to an unvisited square containing the smallest prime number. The movement is restricted to the eight directions a queen can move on a standard chess board, and the queen cannot move over a previously visited square. Note that if the queen simply moves to an unvisited square containing the smallest number the sequence will be infinite as the queen will just follow the square spiral path.
The sequence is finite. After 5880 steps the square with number 55903 is visited, after which all eight squares the queen can move to have been visited.
The first term where this sequence differs from A336402, where the queen steps to the closest unvisited prime, is a(4) = 5. See the examples below.
The largest visited square is a(4943) = 79187. The largest step distance between visited squares is 72 units, between a(3205) = 31397 to a(3206) = 31469. The largest prime gap between visited squares is 30150, from a(4942) = 49037 to a(4943) = 79187. The smallest unvisited prime is 45833.


LINKS

Scott R. Shannon, Image showing the 5880 steps of the queen's path. A green square shows the starting 1 square, a red square, above the bottomleft corner, shows the final square with number 55903, and a thick white line is the path between visited squares. All visited prime numbered squares are shown in yellow, while those unvisited squares containing primes are shown in grey. The eight squares which block the queen's movement from the final square are shown with a red border. The square spiral numbering of the board is shown as a thin white line. Click on the image to zoom in to see the prime numbers.


EXAMPLE

The board is numbered with the square spiral:
.
1716151413 .
  .
18 543 12 29
    
19 6 12 11 28
   
20 78910 27
 
212223242526
.
a(1) = 1, the starting square for the queen.
a(2) = 2. The seven unvisited prime numbered squares around a(1) the queen can move to are numbered 2,3,61,5,19,7,23. Of these 2 is the smallest. There are no primes in the southeast direction from a(1).
a(4) = 5. The four unvisited prime numbered squares around a(3) = 3 the queen can move to are numbered 11,29,13,5, the other two available directions not having any primes. Of these 5 is the smallest. Note that 11 is the closest prime, being only sqrt(2) units away while 5 is 2 units away.
a(4943) = 79187. This is only unvisited square containing a prime number around a(4942) = 49037. It is 30 units away to the right.


CROSSREFS

Cf. A336402, A336413, A336447, A330979, A000040, A063826, A214664, A214665, A136626, A115258, A331027.


KEYWORD

nonn,walk,fini,full


AUTHOR



STATUS

approved



