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A320161 Irregular triangle read by rows: row n lists 0 <= k < p^2 such that p^2 divides A316269(k, p-Kronecker(k^2-4, p)), p = prime(n). 2
0, 1, 3, 0, 1, 8, 0, 1, 24, 0, 1, 10, 39, 48, 0, 1, 27, 36, 37, 84, 85, 94, 120, 0, 1, 6, 29, 34, 61, 108, 135, 140, 163, 168, 0, 1, 25, 45, 56, 75, 82, 132, 157, 207, 214, 233, 244, 264, 288, 0, 1, 42, 43, 73, 88, 106, 120, 161, 200, 241, 255, 273, 288, 318, 319, 360 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,3

COMMENTS

p always divides A316269(k, p-Kronecker(k^2-4, p)), so it's interesting to see when p^2 also divides A316269(k, p-Kronecker(k^2-4, p)).

In the following comments, let p = prime(n). Note that A316269(0, m) and A316269(1, m) is not defined, so here k must be understood as a remainder modulo p^2. because A316269(k+s*p^2, m) == A316269(k, m) (mod p^2).

Let p = prime(n). Every row contains 0, 1 and p^2 - 1. For n >= 3, the n-th row contains p - 2 numbers, whose remainders modulo p form a permutation of {0, 1, 3, 4, ..., p - 3, p - 1}.

Every row is antisymmetric, that is, k is a member iff p^2 - k is, k > 0. As a result, the sum of the n-th row is prime(n)^2*(prime(n) - 3)/2.

Equivalently, for n >= 2, row n lists 0 <= k < p^2 such that p^2 divides A316269(k, (p-Kronecker(k^2-4, p))/2), p = prime(n).

LINKS

Jianing Song, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..29083 (primes below 600)

Jianing Song, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..75796 (primes below 1000)

Wikipedia, Wall-Sun-Sun prime

EXAMPLE

Table starts

p = 2: 0, 1, 3,

p = 3: 0, 1, 8,

p = 5: 0, 1, 24,

p = 7: 0, 1, 10, 39, 48,

p = 11: 0, 1, 27, 36, 37, 84, 85, 94, 120,

p = 13: 0, 1, 6, 29, 34, 61, 108, 135, 140, 163, 168,

p = 17: 0, 1, 25, 45, 56, 75, 82, 132, 157, 207, 214, 233, 244, 264, 288,

p = 19: 0, 1, 42, 43, 73, 88, 106, 120, 161, 200, 241, 255, 273, 288, 318, 319, 360,

p = 23: 0, 1, 12, 15, 60, 86, 105, 141, 142, 156, 223, 306, 373, 387, 388, 424, 443, 469, 514, 517, 528,

p = 29: 0, 1, 42, 46, 80, 101, 107, 120, 226, 227, 327, 330, 358, 409, 432, 483, 511, 514, 614, 615, 721, 734, 740, 761, 795, 799, 840,

...

PROG

(PARI)

B(k, p) = (([k, -1; 1, 0]^(p-kronecker(k^2-4, p)))[1, 2])%(p^2)

forprime(p=2, 50, for(k=0, p^2-1, if(!B(k, p), print1(k, ", "))); print)

CROSSREFS

Cf. A143548, A316269, A320162 (discriminant k^2+4, a more studied case).

Cf. A238490 (primes p such that 4 occurs in the corresponding row), A238736 (primes p such that 6 occurs in the corresponding row).

Sequence in context: A290776 A172249 A208758 * A291763 A161129 A011074

Adjacent sequences:  A320158 A320159 A320160 * A320162 A320163 A320164

KEYWORD

nonn,tabf

AUTHOR

Jianing Song, Oct 06 2018

STATUS

approved

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Last modified December 3 21:17 EST 2021. Contains 349468 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)