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A306075 Bases in which 7 is a unique-period prime. 5
2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 13, 18, 19, 27, 48, 50, 55, 97, 111, 195, 223, 342, 344, 391, 447, 685, 783, 895, 1371, 1567, 1791, 2400, 2402, 2743, 3135, 3583, 4801, 5487, 6271, 7167, 9603, 10975, 12543, 14335, 16806, 16808, 19207, 21951, 25087, 28671, 33613, 38415, 43903, 50175 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,1

COMMENTS

A prime p is called a unique-period prime in base b if there is no other prime q such that the period length of the base-b expansion of its reciprocal, 1/p, is equal to the period length of the reciprocal of q, 1/q.

A prime p is a unique-period prime in base b if and only if Zs(b, 1, ord(b,p)) = p^k, k >= 1. Here Zs(b, 1, d) is the greatest divisor of b^d - 1 that is coprime to b^m - 1 for all positive integers m < d, and ord(b,p) is the multiplicative order of b modulo p.

b is a term if and only if: (a) b = 7^t + 1, t >= 1; (b) b = 2^s*7^t - 1, s >= 0, t >= 1; (c) b = 2, 3, 4, 5, 18, 19.

For every odd prime p, p is a unique-period prime in base b if b = p^t + 1, t >= 1 or b = 2^s*p^t - 1, s >= 0, t >= 1. These are trivial bases in which p is a unique-period prime, with ord(b,p) = 1 or 2. By Faltings's theorem, there are only finitely many nontrivial bases in which p is also a unique-period prime, with ord(b,p) >= 3. For p = 7, the nontrivial bases are 2, 3, 4, 5, 18, 19.

LINKS

Jianing Song, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..448

Wikipedia, Unique prime

EXAMPLE

1/7 has period length 3 in base 2. Note that 7 is the only prime factor of 2^3 - 1 = 7, so 7 is a unique-period prime in base 2.

1/7 has period length 3 in base 4. Note that 3, 7 are the only prime factors of 4^3 - 1 = 63, but 1/3 has period length 1, so 7 is a unique-period prime in base 4.

1/7 has period length 3 in base 18. Note that 7, 17 are the only prime factors of 18^3 - 1 = 5831, but 1/17 has period length 1, so 7 is a unique-period prime in base 18.

(1/7 has period length 6 in base 3, 5, 19. Similar demonstrations can be found.)

PROG

(PARI)

p = 7;

gpf(n)=if(n>1, vecmax(factor(n)[, 1]), 1);

test(n, q)=while(n%p==0, n/=p); if(q>1, while(n%q==0, n/=q)); n==1;

for(n=2, 10^6, if(gcd(n, p)==1, if(test(polcyclo(znorder(Mod(n, p)), n), gpf(znorder(Mod(n, p)))), print1(n, ", "))));

CROSSREFS

Cf. A040017 (unique-period primes in base 10), A144755 (unique-period primes in base 2).

Bases in which p is a unique-period prime: A000051 (p=2), A306073 (p=3), A306074 (p=5), this sequence (p=7), A306076 (p=11), A306077 (p=13).

Sequence in context: A277195 A133430 A033071 * A049432 A102516 A156981

Adjacent sequences:  A306072 A306073 A306074 * A306076 A306077 A306078

KEYWORD

easy,nonn

AUTHOR

Jianing Song, Jun 19 2018

STATUS

approved

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Last modified February 25 14:07 EST 2021. Contains 341609 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)