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A290198 Decimal representation of the diagonal from the corner to the origin of the n-th stage of growth of the two-dimensional cellular automaton defined by "Rule 721", based on the 5-celled von Neumann neighborhood. 4
1, 2, 5, 13, 30, 62, 126, 254, 510, 1022, 2046, 4094, 8190, 16382, 32766, 65534, 131070, 262142, 524286, 1048574, 2097150, 4194302, 8388606, 16777214, 33554430, 67108862, 134217726, 268435454, 536870910, 1073741822, 2147483646, 4294967294, 8589934590 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,2

COMMENTS

Initialized with a single black (ON) cell at stage zero.

REFERENCES

S. Wolfram, A New Kind of Science, Wolfram Media, 2002; p. 170.

LINKS

Robert Price, Table of n, a(n) for n = 0..126

Robert Price, Diagrams of first 20 stages

N. J. A. Sloane, On the Number of ON Cells in Cellular Automata, arXiv:1503.01168 [math.CO], 2015

Eric Weisstein's World of Mathematics, Elementary Cellular Automaton

S. Wolfram, A New Kind of Science

Wolfram Research, Wolfram Atlas of Simple Programs

Index entries for sequences related to cellular automata

Index to 2D 5-Neighbor Cellular Automata

Index to Elementary Cellular Automata

FORMULA

Conjecture: For n<=3, a(n) = Fibonacci(2*n + 1), for n >= 4, a(n) = 2^(n+1) - 2. David A. Corneth, Jul 23 2017

MATHEMATICA

CAStep[rule_, a_] := Map[rule[[10 - #]] &, ListConvolve[{{0, 2, 0}, {2, 1, 2}, {0, 2, 0}}, a, 2], {2}];

code = 721; stages = 128;

rule = IntegerDigits[code, 2, 10];

g = 2 * stages + 1; (* Maximum size of grid *)

a = PadLeft[{{1}}, {g, g}, 0, Floor[{g, g}/2]]; (* Initial ON cell on grid *)

ca = a;

ca = Table[ca = CAStep[rule, ca], {n, 1, stages + 1}];

PrependTo[ca, a];

(* Trim full grid to reflect growth by one cell at each stage *)

k = (Length[ca[[1]]] + 1)/2;

ca = Table[Table[Part[ca[[n]] [[j]], Range[k + 1 - n, k - 1 + n]], {j, k + 1 - n, k - 1 + n}], {n, 1, k}];

Table[FromDigits[Part[ca[[i]] [[i]], Range[i, 2 * i - 1]], 10], {i, 1, stages - 1}]

CROSSREFS

Cf. A290196, A290197, A290199.

Sequence in context: A236414 A057873 A116699 * A282153 A054127 A184052

Adjacent sequences:  A290195 A290196 A290197 * A290199 A290200 A290201

KEYWORD

nonn,easy

AUTHOR

Robert Price, Jul 23 2017

STATUS

approved

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Last modified October 24 11:59 EDT 2021. Contains 348225 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)