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A273096 Number of rotationally inequivalent minimal relations of roots of unity of weight n. 1
1, 0, 1, 1, 0, 1, 1, 3, 3, 4, 6, 18, 69 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)



In this context, a relation of weight n is a multiset of n roots of unity which sum to zero, and it is minimal if no proper nonempty sub-multiset sums to zero. Relations are rotationally equivalent if they are obtained by multiplying each element by a common root of unity.

Mann classified the minimal relations up to weight 7, Conway and Jones up to weight 9, and Poonen and Rubinstein up to weight 12.


Table of n, a(n) for n=0..12.

J. H. Conway and A. J. Jones, Trigonometric diophantine equations (On vanishing sums of roots of unity), Acta Arithmetica 30(3), 229-240 (1976).

Henry B. Mann, On linear relations between roots of unity, Mathematika 12(2), 107-117 (1965).

Bjorn Poonen and Michael Rubinstein, The Number of Intersection Points Made by the Diagonals of a Regular Polygon, SIAM J. Discrete Math. 11(1), 135-156 (1998). Also at arXiv:math/9508209 [math.MG] with some typos corrected.


Writing e(x) = exp(2*Pi*i*x), then e(1/6)+e(1/5)+e(2/5)+e(3/5)+e(4/5)+e(5/6) = 0 and this is the unique (up to rotation) minimal relation of weight 6.


Cf. A103314, A110981, A164896.

Sequence in context: A338431 A058660 A059871 * A076619 A318140 A266025

Adjacent sequences:  A273093 A273094 A273095 * A273097 A273098 A273099




Christopher E. Thompson, May 15 2016



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Last modified October 18 21:24 EDT 2021. Contains 348070 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)