

A265674


Sequence that encodes the compliform polynomials associated to the tree of hemitropic sequences.


0



1, 0, 1, 0, 2, 1, 0, 1, 0, 3, 0, 1, 0, 4, 2, 0, 3, 1, 0, 3, 2, 1, 0, 2, 1, 0, 1, 0, 5, 2, 0, 4, 1, 0, 4, 2, 4, 0, 3, 2, 0, 3, 2, 0, 1, 0, 6, 2, 0, 5, 1, 0, 5, 2, 4, 0, 4, 1, 0, 4, 3, 3, 0, 4, 2, 4, 0, 3, 1, 0, 3, 2, 3, 0, 2, 3, 0
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OFFSET

1,5


COMMENTS

For each integer n >= 1, e_n(x_2, ..., x_n) is a polynomial whose coefficients are integers and has degree 1 in each of the variables, x_2, ..., x_n, (a socalled compliform polynomial). Given the first n terms, 1, c_2, ..., c_n of a hemitropic sequence relative to a subset A of N, (see A265262), one has the following: c_(n+1) = e_n(c_2,...,c_n) if n+1 is not in A, c_(n+1 )= e_n(c_2,...,c_n) + 1 if n + 1 is in A. See Haddad link, formula (8), p. 37. The first few polynomials of the sequence e_n are:
e_1 = 1, e_2 = x_2  1, e_3 = x_3, e_4 =x_4  2x_3 + x_3x_2  x_2 + 1, e_5 = x_5  2x_4 + x_4x_2 + 4x_3  2x_3x_2, e_6 =x_6  2x_5 + x_5x_2 + 4x_4 + x_4x_3  3x_4x_2  4x_3 + x_3x_2 + 3x_2 3, e_7 =x_7  2x_6 + x_6x_2 + 4x_5 + x_5x_3  3x_5x_2  4x_4  2x_4x_3 + 4x_4x_2
+ 4x_3  x_3x_2  4x_2 + 4.
Each monomial a.x_ix_j...x_k with i > j > ... > k, is converted into the sequence of integers a, 0, i, j, ..., k, where 0 is used for punctuation. There is no ambiguity. In the display, the monomials a.xixj, ..., xk, are ordered lexicographically in the (reverse) alphabet ..., n, ..., 3, 2. An e_n polynomial is thus converted into an irregular (finite) array:
e_1 = 1 > 1;
e_2 = x_2  1 > 1, 0, 2; 1;
e_3 = x_3 > 1, 0, 3;
e_4 = x_4  2x_3 + x_3x_2  x_2 + 1 > 1, 0, 4; 2, 0, 3; 1, 0, 3, 2; 1, 0, 2; 1;
e_5 = x_5  2x_4 + x_4x_2 + 4x_3  2x_3x_2 > 1, 0, 5; 2, 0, 4; 1, 0, 4, 2; 4, 0, 3; 2, 0, 3, 2;
Conversions are onetoone, bijective. By concatenation of the arrays, the whole sequence of the e_n’s is again an infinite irregular array, with again 0 for punctuation.


LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=1..77.
Labib Haddad, Some peculiarities of order 2 bases of N and the ErdosTuran conjecture, arXiv:1507.05849 [math.NT], 2015
Wikipedia, ErdősTurán conjecture on additive bases


FORMULA

An algorithm for the e_n's. For k >+ 1, let P_(k+1) = (x_(k+1)  e_k)^2  (x_(k+1)  e_k) = x_(k+1)^2 x_(k+1) 2x_k+1e_k + e_k^2 + e_k: a polynomial in several variables, having degree 2 in the variable x_(k+1).
Start with e_1 = 1. Once the polynomials e_1,...,e_(n1) have been obtained, set E_n =(x_ne_(n1))+(x_2e_1)(x_(n1) e_(n2)) + ... + (x_m  e_(m1))(x_(nm+1)  e_(nm)) with m = floor((n + 1)/2): a polynomial in the variables x_2,...,x_n, not necessarily compliform, whose coefficients are integers, and having degree 1 in x_n.
Then, reduce E_n as follows: Let E_(n,n1) be the remainder in the Euclidean division of E_n by P_(n1) as polynomials in x_(n1). Inductively, let E_(n,n1,...,k) be the remainder in the Euclidean division of E_(n,n1,k+1) by P_k as polynomials in x_k. This gives e_n = E_(n,n1,··· ,2), a compliform polynomial. See Haddad link p.32 Corollary.


CROSSREFS

Cf. A265262.
Sequence in context: A281498 A118269 A144152 * A229297 A116675 A123022
Adjacent sequences: A265671 A265672 A265673 * A265675 A265676 A265677


KEYWORD

sign,tabf


AUTHOR

Labib Haddad, Dec 13 2015


STATUS

approved



