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 A264041 a(n) is the maximum number of diagonals that can be placed in an n X n grid made up of 1 X 1 unit squares when diagonals are placed in the unit squares in such a way that no two diagonals may cross or intersect at an endpoint. 8
 1, 3, 6, 10, 16, 21, 29, 36, 46, 55, 68, 78, 93, 105, 122, 136, 156, 171, 193, 210, 234, 253, 280, 300, 329, 351 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
 OFFSET 1,2 COMMENTS In other words, largest number of nonintersecting vertex-disjoint diagonals / and \ that can be packed in an n X n grid. / and \ cannot be adjacent horizontally or vertically. Two \ cannot be adjacent on a northwest-to-southeast diagonal, two / cannot be adjacent on a southwest-to-northeast diagonal. We also extended this to m X n grids, and have some limited results. a(n) is the size of a maximum independent set in a graph with vertices (x,y,z), x=1..n, y=1..n, z=1..2, with edges joining (x,y,z) to (x,y,3-z), (x+1,y,3-z), and (x,y+1,3-z), (x,y,1) to (x+1,y-1,1) and (x,y,2) to (x+1,y+1,2). - Robert Israel, Nov 01 2015 From Rob Pratt, Nov 09 2015: (Start) 382 <= a(27) <= 383. a(29) = 440. For the number of optimal solutions see A264667. (End) Conjecture: partial sums of A260307. - Sean A. Irvine, Jul 15 2022 LINKS Robert Israel, Optimal configurations for n=1..26 Peter Boyland, Gabriella Pintér, István Laukó, Ivan Roth, Jon E. Schoenfield, and Stephen Wasielewski, On the Maximum Number of Non-intersecting Diagonals in an Array, Journal of Integer Sequences, Vol. 20 (2017), Article 17.2.4. Robert Israel, Code for MATLAB with CPLEX Mathematics StackExchange, How to solve 5x5 grid with 16 diagonals NRICH, Distinct Diagonals Gabriella Pinter, Figure used to illustrate proof of lower bound in n=6k-1 case, k=1,2,3 Gabriella Pinter, Lower bound for the case n = 6k-1, Oct 27 2015 Gabriella Pinter, Solution when there are an even number of rows of cells FORMULA Theorem: a(2*n) = n*(2n+1) (the even-indexed terms among the triangular numbers A000217). More generally, for the 2k X m case, the optimal solution is k*(m+1). See third Pinter link for proof. Theorem: a(6*n-1) >= n + 3*n*(6*n-1). See second Pinter link for proof. Theorem: a(n) <= a(n-2) + 2*n. Empirical g.f.: x*(1 + 2*x + 2*x^2 + 2*x^3 + 3*x^4 + x^5 + x^6) / ((1 - x)^3*(1 + x)^2*(1 - x + x^2)*(1 + x + x^2)). - Robert Israel, Nov 01 2015. Corrected by Colin Barker, Jan 31 2018 a(n) = a(n-1) + a(n-2) - a(n-3) + a(n-6) - a(n-7) - a(n-8) + a(n-9) for n>9 (conjectured). - Colin Barker, Jan 31 2018 EXAMPLE For a(2) = 3, an optimal configuration is    //    ./ (This is best seen using a fixed-width font. It is better to use "." instead of " " for blank squares, because " " tends to disappear.) Note that the bottom left square can't have / because that would conflict with the / at top right, or \ because that would conflict with its horizontal and vertical neighbors. For a(3) = 6, an optimal configuration is    ///    ../    /./ For a(4) = 10, an optimal configuration may be depicted, with the grid lines explicitly drawn, as    +-+-+-+-+    |/| |\|\|    +-+-+-+-+    |/| |\| |    +-+-+-+-+    |/| | | |    +-+-+-+-+    |/|/|/|/|    +-+-+-+-+ or, using "o" and "." to represent used and unused vertices, as    .-o-o-o-.    |/| |\|\|    o-o-o-o-o    |/| |\| |    o-o-.-o-.    |/| | | |    o-o-o-o-o    |/|/|/|/|    o-o-o-o-. For a(5) = 16, an optimal configuration is    ///.\    ../.\    \\.\\    \./..    \./// For more examples, see the link "Optimal configurations for n=1..26". CROSSREFS Cf. A000217 (triangular numbers), A260708 (the same?), A264938 (first bisection?), A264667. Cf. A299017 (intersection with A000217). Sequence in context: A353217 A310082 A153453 * A260708 A310083 A310084 Adjacent sequences:  A264038 A264039 A264040 * A264042 A264043 A264044 KEYWORD nonn,more,nice AUTHOR Gabriella Pinter, Stephen Wasielewski, Peter Boyland, Ivan Roth, G. Christopher Hruska, Jeb Willenbring, Oct 22 2015 EXTENSIONS Additional comments and terms a(9)-a(26) from Robert Israel, Nov 01 2015 This entry is the result of merging two independent submissions, merged by N. J. A. Sloane, Nov 11 2015 STATUS approved

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Last modified October 6 12:35 EDT 2022. Contains 357264 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)