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A258926 E.g.f.: S(x) = Series_Reversion( Integral 1/(1-x^6)^(1/6) dx ), where the constant of integration is zero. 1
1, -120, -21859200, -131273353728000, -6725237593471119360000, -1653993087378574357912780800000, -1405832822961504544259161592168448000000, -3334380558587161259470375739654344298987520000000, -18982929854690021819576777610944622891185796965990400000000 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,2

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=0..8.

FORMULA

Let e.g.f. C(x) = Sum_{n>=0} a(n)*x^(6*n)/(6*n)! and e.g.f. S(x) = Sum_{n>=0} a(n)*x^(6*n+1)/(6*n+1)!, then C(x) and S(x) satisfy:

(1) C(x)^6 + S(x)^6 = 1,

(2) S'(x) = C(x),

(3) C'(x) = -S(x)^5/C(x)^4,

(4) C(x)^5 * C'(x) + S(x)^5 * S'(x) = 0,

(5) S(x)/C(x) = Integral 1/C(x)^6 dx,

(6) S(x)/C(x) = Series_Reversion( Integral 1/(1+x^6) dx ) = Series_Reversion( Sum_{n>=0} (-1)^n * x^(6*n+1)/(6*n+1) ).

(7) S(x)^3/C(x)^3 = tan( 3 * Integral S(x)^2/C(x)^2 dx ).

(8) C(x)^3 + I*S(x)^3 = exp( 3*I * Integral S(x)^2/C(x)^2 dx ).

EXAMPLE

E.g.f. with offset 0 is C(x) and e.g.f. with offset 1 is S(x) where:

C(x) = 1 - 120*x^6/6! - 21859200*x^12/12! - 131273353728000*x^18/18! -...

S(x) = x - 120*x^7/7! - 21859200*x^13/13! - 131273353728000*x^19/19! -...

such that C(x)^6 + S(x)^6 = 1:

C(x)^6 = 1 - 720*x^6/6! + 68428800*x^12/12! + 80406577152000*x^18/18! +...

S(x)^6 = 720*x^6/6! - 68428800*x^12/12! - 80406577152000*x^18/18! -...

Related Expansions.

(1) The series reversion of S(x) is Integral 1/(1-x^6)^(1/6) dx:

Series_Reversion(S(x)) = x + 120*x^7/7! + 46569600*x^13/13! + 449549388288000*x^19/19! +...

1/(1-x^6)^(1/6) = 1 + 120*x^6/6! + 46569600*x^12/12! + 449549388288000*x^18/18! +...

(2) d/dx S(x)/C(x) = 1/C(x)^6:

1/C(x)^6 = 1 + 720*x^6/6! + 410572800*x^12/12! + 4492717498368000*x^18/18! +...

S(x)/C(x) = x + 720*x^7/7! + 410572800*x^13/13! + 4492717498368000*x^19/19! + 348990783113936240640000*x^25/25! +...+ A258927(n)*x^(6*n+1)/(6*n+1)! +...

where

Series_Reversion(S(x)/C(x)) = x - x^7/7 + x^13/13 - x^19/19 + x^25/25 - x^31/31 +...

MATHEMATICA

nmax = 8; a[n_] := SeriesCoefficient[ InverseSeries[ Integrate[1/(1 - x^6)^(1/6), x] + O[x]^(6nmax+2), x], 6n+1]*(6n+1)!; Table[a[n], {n, 0, nmax}] (* Jean-Fran├žois Alcover, Apr 26 2017 *)

PROG

(PARI) /* E.g.f. Series_Reversion(Integral 1/(1-x^6)^(1/6) dx): */

{a(n)=local(S=x); S = serreverse( intformal(  1/(1-x^6 +x*O(x^(6*n)))^(1/6) )); (6*n+1)!*polcoeff(S, 6*n+1)}

for(n=0, 15, print1(a(n), ", "))

(PARI) /* E.g.f. C(x) with offset 0: */

{a(n)=local(S=x, C=1+x); for(i=1, n, S=intformal(C +x*O(x^(6*n))); C=1-intformal(S^5/C^4 +x*O(x^(6*n))); ); (6*n)!*polcoeff(C, 6*n)}

for(n=0, 21, print1(a(n), ", "))

(PARI) /* E.g.f. S(x) with offset 1: */

{a(n)=local(S=x, C=1+x); for(i=1, n+1, S=intformal(C +x*O(x^(6*n+1))); C=1-intformal(S^5/C^4 +x*O(x^(6*n+1))); ); (6*n+1)!*polcoeff(S, 6*n+1)}

for(n=0, 21, print1(a(n), ", "))

CROSSREFS

Cf. A258927 (S/C), A258878, A258900, A258924.

Sequence in context: A003922 A210279 A172626 * A294320 A268506 A172730

Adjacent sequences:  A258923 A258924 A258925 * A258927 A258928 A258929

KEYWORD

sign

AUTHOR

Paul D. Hanna, Jun 14 2015

STATUS

approved

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Last modified August 7 19:57 EDT 2020. Contains 336279 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)