

A257880


Sequence (d(n)) generated by Rule 1 (in Comments) with a(1) = 2 and d(1) = 0.


5



0, 1, 2, 1, 3, 2, 4, 3, 5, 6, 4, 5, 7, 8, 7, 6, 9, 10, 8, 9, 12, 10, 11, 13, 11, 14, 13, 15, 12, 16, 14, 15, 17, 18, 16, 17, 19, 20, 19, 18, 22, 21, 20, 23, 22, 24, 21, 23, 25, 26, 25, 27, 24, 28, 26, 27, 30, 28, 29, 31, 29, 32
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OFFSET

1,3


COMMENTS

This is the sequence (d(n)) of differences associated with the sequence a = A257879.
Rule 1 follows. For k >= 1, let A(k) = {a(1), …, a(k)} and D(k) = {d(1), …, d(k)}. Begin with k = 1 and nonnegative integers a(1) and d(1).
Step 1: If there is an integer h such that 1  a(k) < h < 0 and h is not in D(k) and a(k) + h is not in A(k), let d(k+1) be the greatest such h, let a(k+1) = a(k) + h, replace k by k + 1, and repeat Step 1; otherwise do Step 2.
Step 2: Let h be the least positive integer not in D(k) such that a(k) + h is not in A(k). Let a(k+1) = a(k) + h and d(k+1) = h. Replace k by k+1 and do Step 1.
Conjecture: if a(1) is an nonnegative integer and d(1) is an integer, then (a(n)) is a permutation of the nonnegative integers (if a(1) = 0) or a permutation of the positive integers (if a(1) > 0). Moreover, (d(n)) is a permutation of the integers if d(1) = 0, or of the nonzero integers if d(1) > 0.
See A257705 for a guide to related sequences.


LINKS

Clark Kimberling, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..1000


FORMULA

d(k) = a(k)  a(k1) for k >=2, where a(k) = A257877(k).


EXAMPLE

a(1) = 2, d(1) = 0;
a(2) = 1, d(2) = 1;
a(3) = 3, d(3) = 2;
a(4) = 4, d(4) = 1.


MATHEMATICA

a[1] = 2; d[1] = 0; k = 1; z = 10000; zz = 120;
A[k_] := Table[a[i], {i, 1, k}]; diff[k_] := Table[d[i], {i, 1, k}];
c[k_] := Complement[Range[z, z], diff[k]];
T[k_] := a[k] + Complement[Range[z], A[k]];
s[k_] := Intersection[Range[a[k], 1], c[k], T[k]];
Table[If[Length[s[k]] == 0, {h = Min[Intersection[c[k], T[k]]], a[k + 1] = a[k] + h, d[k + 1] = h, k = k + 1}, {h = Max[s[k]], a[k + 1] = a[k] + h, d[k + 1] = h, k = k + 1}], {i, 1, zz}];
u = Table[a[k], {k, 1, zz}] (* A257879 *)
Table[d[k], {k, 1, zz}] (* A257880 *)


CROSSREFS

Cf. A131389, A257705, A081145, A257883, A175499.
Sequence in context: A246581 A143619 A029141 * A240866 A230560 A265253
Adjacent sequences: A257877 A257878 A257879 * A257881 A257882 A257883


KEYWORD

easy,sign


AUTHOR

Clark Kimberling, May 13 2015


STATUS

approved



