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 A257878 Sequence (a(n)) generated by Rule 1 (in Comments) with a(1) = 1 and d(1) = 1. 2
 1, 3, 2, 5, 9, 7, 4, 10, 6, 11, 18, 13, 21, 15, 8, 17, 27, 19, 30, 20, 32, 23, 12, 25, 39, 26, 14, 29, 45, 31, 16, 33, 51, 35, 54, 37, 57, 38, 59, 41, 63, 43, 22, 46, 24, 47, 72, 49, 75, 50, 77, 53, 81, 55, 28, 58, 87, 56, 88, 60, 91, 62, 95, 65, 99, 67, 34 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
 OFFSET 1,2 COMMENTS Rule 1 follows.  For k >= 1, let  A(k) = {a(1), …, a(k)} and D(k) = {d(1), …, d(k)}.  Begin with k = 1 and nonnegative integers a(1) and d(1). Step 1:   If there is an integer h such that 1 - a(k) < h < 0 and h is not in D(k) and a(k) + h is not in A(k), let d(k+1) be the greatest such h, let a(k+1) = a(k) + h, replace k by k + 1, and repeat Step 1; otherwise do Step 2. Step 2:  Let h be the least positive integer not in D(k) such that a(k) + h is not in A(k).  Let a(k+1) = a(k) + h and d(k+1) = h.  Replace k by k+1 and do Step 1. Conjecture:  if a(1) is an nonnegative integer and d(1) is an integer, then (a(n)) is a permutation of the nonnegative integers (if a(1) = 0) or a permutation of the positive integers (if a(1) > 0).  Moreover, (d(n)) is a permutation of the integers if d(1) = 0, or of the nonzero integers if d(1) > 0. See A257705 for a guide to related sequences. Considering the first 1000 elements of this sequence and A257705 it appears that this is the same as A257705 apart from an index shift. - R. J. Mathar, May 14 2015 LINKS Clark Kimberling, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..1000 FORMULA a(k+1) - a(k) = d(k+1) for k >= 1. EXAMPLE a(1) = 1, d(1) = 1; a(2) = 3, d(2) = 2; a(3) = 2, d(3) = -1; a(4) = 5, d(4) = -3. MATHEMATICA a = 1; d = 1; k = 1; z = 10000; zz = 120; A[k_] := Table[a[i], {i, 1, k}]; diff[k_] := Table[d[i], {i, 1, k}]; c[k_] := Complement[Range[-z, z], diff[k]]; T[k_] := -a[k] + Complement[Range[z], A[k]]; s[k_] := Intersection[Range[-a[k], -1], c[k], T[k]]; Table[If[Length[s[k]] == 0, {h = Min[Intersection[c[k], T[k]]], a[k + 1] = a[k] + h, d[k + 1] = h, k = k + 1}, {h = Max[s[k]], a[k + 1] = a[k] + h, d[k + 1] = h, k = k + 1}], {i, 1, zz}]; u = Table[a[k], {k, 1, zz}]  (* A257878 *) Table[d[k], {k, 1, zz}]      (* A131389 essentially *) CROSSREFS Cf. A131388, A131389, A257705, A081145, A257883, A175498. Sequence in context: A320274 A333398 A257705 * A243700 A193796 A249906 Adjacent sequences:  A257875 A257876 A257877 * A257879 A257880 A257881 KEYWORD nonn,easy AUTHOR Clark Kimberling, May 12 2015 STATUS approved

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Last modified January 18 07:00 EST 2022. Contains 350454 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)