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A253804 a(n) gives the odd leg of the second of the two Pythagorean triangles with hypotenuse A080109(n) = A002144(n)^2. This is the larger of the two possible odd legs. 3
15, 119, 255, 609, 1295, 1519, 2385, 3479, 4015, 4879, 6305, 9999, 9919, 12319, 14385, 16999, 13345, 28545, 32039, 19199, 38415, 50609, 32239, 50369, 65535, 62839, 50279, 64911, 83505, 96719 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET
1,1
COMMENTS
The corresponding even legs are given in 4*A253805.
The legs of the other Pythagorean triangle with hypotenuse A080109(n) are given A253802(n) (odd) and A253803(n) (even).
Each fourth power of a prime of the form 1 (mod 4) (see A002144(n)^= A080175(n)) has exactly two representations as sum of two positive squares (Fermat). See the Dickson reference, (B) on p. 227.
This means that there are exactly two Pythagorean triangles (modulo leg exchange) for each hypotenuse A080109(n) = A002144(n)^2, n >= 1. See the Dickson reference, (A) on p. 227.
Concerning the primitivity question of these triangles see a comment on A253802.
REFERENCES
L. E. Dickson, History of the Theory of Numbers, Carnegie Institution, Publ. No. 256, Vol. II, Washington D.C., 1920, p. 227.
LINKS
FORMULA
A080175(n) = A002144(n)^4 = a(n)^2 + (4*A253805(n))^2,
n >= 1, that is,
a(n) = sqrt(A080175(n) - (4*A253805(n))^2), n >= 1.
EXAMPLE
n = 7: A080175(7) = 7890481 = 53^4 = 2809^2; A002144(7)^4 = a(7)^2 + (4*A253805(7))^2 = 2385^2 + (4*371)^2.
The other Pythagorean triangle with hypotenuse 53^2 = 2809 has odd leg A253802(7) = 1241 and even leg 4*A253303(7) = 4*630 = 2520: 53^4 = 1241^2 + (4*630)^2.
CROSSREFS
Sequence in context: A328725 A331211 A183475 * A161476 A162321 A161875
KEYWORD
nonn,easy
AUTHOR
Wolfdieter Lang, Jan 16 2015
STATUS
approved

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Last modified June 10 07:34 EDT 2023. Contains 363195 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)