

A002973


a(n) is half of the even member of {x,y}, where x^2+y^2 is the nth prime of the form 4i+1.
(Formerly M0135)


15



1, 1, 2, 1, 3, 2, 1, 3, 4, 4, 2, 5, 5, 4, 2, 5, 3, 1, 5, 6, 7, 1, 4, 2, 8, 5, 7, 8, 1, 6, 7, 8, 9, 4, 9, 5, 3, 10, 10, 7, 6, 10, 2, 5, 11, 10, 5, 7, 10, 12, 4, 12, 9, 8, 2, 11, 3, 6, 13, 13, 11, 1, 13, 10, 6, 11, 13, 14, 7, 5, 9, 2, 3, 8, 10, 12, 5, 14, 2, 3, 14, 11, 15, 16, 16, 5, 15, 1, 8, 11
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OFFSET

1,3


COMMENTS

a(n) is odd iff x^2+y^2==5(mod 8). [Vladimir Shevelev, Jul 12 2009]
A002972(n)^2 + 4*a(n)^2 = A002144(n); A002331(n+1)=MIN(A002972(n),2*a(n)) and A002330(n+1)=MAX(A002972(n),2*a(n)). [Reinhard Zumkeller, Feb 16 2010]


REFERENCES

E. Kogbetliantz and A. Krikorian, Handbook of First Complex Prime Numbers, Gordon and Breach, NY, 1971, p. 243.
N. J. A. Sloane and Simon Plouffe, The Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences, Academic Press, 1995 (includes this sequence).


LINKS

T. D. Noe, Table of n, a(n) for n=1..1000
S. R. Finch, Powers of Euler's qSeries, arXiv:math/0701251 [math.NT], 2007.
E. Kogbetliantz and A. Krikorian Handbook of First Complex Prime Numbers, Gordon and Breach, NY, 1971 [Annotated scans of a few pages]


FORMULA

a(n) = MIN(A173331(n), A002144(n)  A173331(n)) / 2. [Reinhard Zumkeller, Feb 16 2010]


EXAMPLE

The 3rd prime of the form 4i+1 is 17=1^2+4^2, so a(3)=4/2=2.


MATHEMATICA

pmax = 1000; k[p_] := Module[{k, m}, k /. ToRules[Reduce[k>0 && m >= 0 && (2k)^2 + (2m+1)^2 == p, {k, m}, Integers]]]; For[n=1; p=5, p<pmax, p = NextPrime[p], If[Mod[p, 4]==1, a[n] = k[p]; Print["a(", n, ") = ", a[n]]; n++]]; Array[a, n1] (* JeanFrançois Alcover, Feb 26 2016 *)


CROSSREFS

Cf. A002144, A002972.
Sequence in context: A124458 A199538 A324337 * A071476 A071499 A039953
Adjacent sequences: A002970 A002971 A002972 * A002974 A002975 A002976


KEYWORD

nonn


AUTHOR

N. J. A. Sloane.


EXTENSIONS

Better description from Jud McCranie, Mar 05 2003


STATUS

approved



