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A248193 G.f.: Sum_{n>=0} x^n * Sum_{k=0..n} C(n,k)^2 * x^(5*k). 2
1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 2, 5, 10, 17, 26, 37, 51, 74, 118, 201, 347, 586, 955, 1509, 2351, 3682, 5871, 9545, 15700, 25851, 42292, 68606, 110635, 178190, 287852, 467313, 761957, 1245011, 2033856, 3317230, 5401332, 8787539, 14301168, 23301005, 38016585, 62090615, 101457357, 165778774 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,7

COMMENTS

Limit a(n)/a(n+1) = t^2 = 0.6054234235718265... where t is the positive real root of 1 - x - x^6 = 0.

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=0..43.

FORMULA

G.f.: Sum_{n>=0} (2*n)!/(n!)^2 * x^(6*n) / (1 - x + x^6)^(2*n+1). - Paul D. Hanna, Oct 15 2014

G.f.: Sum_{n>=0} x^n * [Sum_{k>=0} C(n+k,k)^2 * x^(5*k)] * (1-x^5)^(2*n+1).

G.f.: Sum_{n>=0} x^(6*n) * [Sum_{k>=0} C(n+k,k)^2 * x^k].

G.f.: Sum_{n>=0} x^(6*n) * [Sum_{k=0..n} C(n,k)^2 * x^k] /(1-x)^(2n+1).

G.f.: exp( Sum_{n>=1} (x^n/n) * Sum_{k=0..n} C(2*n,2*k) * x^(5*k) ).

G.f.: 1 / sqrt((1 - x + 2*x^3 + x^6)*(1 - x - 2*x^3 + x^6)).

G.f.: 1 / sqrt((1 - x + x^6)^2 - 4*x^6).

G.f.: 1 / sqrt((1 - x - x^6)^2 - 4*x^7).

a(n) = Sum_{k=0..[n/5]} C(n-5*k, k)^2.

EXAMPLE

G.f.: A(x) = 1 + x + x^2 + x^3 + x^4 + x^5 + 2*x^6 + 5*x^7 + 10*x^8 +...

where, by definition,

A(x) = 1 + x*(1 + x^5) + x^2*(1 + 2^2*x^5 + x^10)

+ x^3*(1 + 3^2*x^5 + 3^2*x^10 + x^15)

+ x^4*(1 + 4^2*x^5 + 6^2*x^10 + 4^2*x^15 + x^20)

+ x^5*(1 + 5^2*x^5 + 10^2*x^10 + 10^2*x^15 + 5^2*x^20 + x^25) +...

which is also given by the series identity:

A(x) = 1/(1-x+x^6) + 2*x^6/(1-x+x^6)^3 + 6*x^12/(1-x+x^6)^5 + 20*x^18/(1-x+x^6)^7 + 70*x^24/(1-x+x^6)^9 + 252*x^30/(1-x+x^6)^11 + 924*x^36/(1-x+x^6)^13 +...

The logarithm of the g.f. begins:

log(A(x)) = x*(1 + x^5) + x^2*(1 + 6*x^5 + x^10)/2

+ x^3*(1 + 15*x^5 + 15*x^10 + x^15)/3

+ x^4*(1 + 28*x^5 + 70*x^10 + 28*x^15 + x^20)/4

+ x^5*(1 + 45*x^5 + 210*x^10 + 210*x^15 + 45*x^20 + x^25)/5 +...

more explicitly,

log(A(x)) = x + x^2/2 + x^3/3 + x^4/4 + x^5/5 + 7*x^6/6 + 22*x^7/7 + 41*x^8/8 + 64*x^9/9 + 91*x^10/10 + 122*x^11/11 + 163*x^12/12 +...

where the logarithmic derivative equals

A'(x)/A(x) = (1 - x + 6*x^5 + 7*x^6 - 6*x^11) / ((1 - x + 2*x^3 + x^6)*(1 - x - 2*x^3 + x^6)).

MATHEMATICA

CoefficientList[Series[1 / Sqrt[(1-x+x^6)^2 - 4*x^6], {x, 0, 20}], x] (* Vaclav Kotesovec, Oct 03 2014 *)

PROG

(PARI) /* By definition: */

{a(n)=local(A=1); A=sum(m=0, n, x^m*sum(k=0, m, binomial(m, k)^2*x^(5*k)) +x*O(x^n)); polcoeff(A, n)}

for(n=0, 50, print1(a(n), ", "))

(PARI) /* From closed formula: */

{a(n)=local(A=1); A= 1/sqrt((1 - x + x^6)^2 - 4*x^6 +x*O(x^n)); polcoeff(A, n)}

for(n=0, 50, print1(a(n), ", "))

(PARI) /* From a series identity: */

{a(n)=local(A=1+x); A=sum(m=0, n, (2*m)!/(m!)^2 * x^(6*m) / (1 - x + x^6 +x*O(x^n))^(2*m+1)); polcoeff(A, n)}

for(n=0, 40, print1(a(n), ", "))

(PARI) /* From a binomial series identity: */

{a(n)=local(A=1+x); A=sum(m=0, n, x^m*(1-x^5)^(2*m+1)*sum(k=0, n, binomial(m+k, k)^2*x^(5*k)) +x*O(x^n)); polcoeff(A, n)}

for(n=0, 50, print1(a(n), ", "))

(PARI) /* From a binomial series identity: */

{a(n)=local(A=1+x); A=sum(m=0, n\6, x^(6*m)*sum(k=0, n-5*m, binomial(m+k, k)^2*x^k) +x*O(x^n)); polcoeff(A, n)}

for(n=0, 50, print1(a(n), ", "))

(PARI) /* From a binomial series identity: */

{a(n)=local(A=1+x); A=sum(m=0, n\6, x^(6*m) * sum(k=0, m, binomial(m, k)^2*x^k) / (1-x +x*O(x^n))^(2*m+1) ); polcoeff(A, n)}

for(n=0, 40, print1(a(n), ", "))

(PARI) /* From exponential formula: */

{a(n)=local(A=1); A=exp(sum(m=1, n, sum(k=0, m, binomial(2*m, 2*k)*x^(5*k)) * x^m/m) +x*O(x^n)); polcoeff(A, n)}

for(n=0, 50, print1(a(n), ", "))

(PARI) /* From formula for a(n): */

{a(n)=sum(k=0, n\5, binomial(n-5*k, k)^2)}

for(n=0, 50, print1(a(n), ", "))

CROSSREFS

Cf. A181665, A246840, A246883, A246884.

Sequence in context: A002522 A217990 A300164 * A069987 A248742 A246884

Adjacent sequences:  A248190 A248191 A248192 * A248194 A248195 A248196

KEYWORD

nonn

AUTHOR

Paul D. Hanna, Oct 03 2014

STATUS

approved

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Last modified October 20 01:39 EDT 2018. Contains 316378 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)