

A232544


G.f. is the limit of nth degree polynomial P(n,x) = P(n1,x) + a(n)*x^n that yields the least sum of squares of coefficients in P(n,x)^n, where a(n) = {1,+1}, starting with a(0) = a(1) = 1.


0



1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1
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OFFSET

0


COMMENTS

It appears that if the value of a(n) results in the least sum of squares of coefficients in P(n,x)^n, then it also results in the least sum of squares of coefficients in P(n,x)^k for all k>n.


LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=0..89.


EXAMPLE

G.f.: A(x) = 1 + x  x^2 + x^3 + x^4 + x^5  x^6 + x^7  x^8  x^9  x^10  x^11 + x^12 + x^13  x^14 + x^15  x^16  x^17  x^18  x^19 + x^20 +...
Illustrate generating method.
Given P(1,x) = 1+x, to determine a(2), we compare the coefficients in (P(1,x) + x^2)^2 to (P(1,x)  x^2)^2 to see which has the least sum of squares of coefficients:
(1+x+x^2)^2 = 1 + 2*x + 3*x^2 + 2*x^3 + x^4;
(1+xx^2)^2 = 1 + 2*x  x^2  2*x^3 + x^4;
the sum of squares of coefficients is 19 and 11, respectively; thus a(2) = 1 since it yields the least sum of squares.
Then since P(2,x) = 1+xx^2, to determine a(3), we compare the coefficients in (P(2,x) + x^3)^3 to (P(2,x)  x^3)^3 to see which has the least sum of squares of coefficients:
(1+xx^2+x^3)^3 = 1 + 3*x  2*x^3 + 6*x^4  4*x^6 + 6*x^7  3*x^8 + x^9;
(1+xx^2x^3)^3 = 1 + 3*x  8*x^3  6*x^4 + 6*x^5 + 8*x^6  3*x^8  x^9;
the sum of squares of coefficients is 112 and 220, respectively; thus a(3) = +1 since it yields the least sum of squares. (Should they ever equal, choose +1 as the new term.)
Continuing in this way generates all the terms of this sequence.


PROG

(PARI) {A=[1, 1]; print1("1, 1, "); for(i=1, 60,
A=concat(A, y); P=truncate(Ser(A));
SUMSQ=Vec(P^(#A))*Vec(P^(#A))~;
SNEG=subst(SUMSQ, y, 1); SPOS=subst(SUMSQ, y, 1);
if(SNEG>=SPOS, t=1, t=1); A[#A]=t; print1(t, ", "); )}


CROSSREFS

Sequence in context: A033999 A000012 A216430 * A309873 A162511 A157895
Adjacent sequences: A232541 A232542 A232543 * A232545 A232546 A232547


KEYWORD

sign


AUTHOR

Paul D. Hanna, Nov 25 2013


STATUS

approved



