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 A227091 Number of solutions to x^2 == 1 (mod n) in Z[i]/nZ[i]. 6
 1, 2, 2, 4, 4, 4, 2, 8, 2, 8, 2, 8, 4, 4, 8, 8, 4, 4, 2, 16, 4, 4, 2, 16, 4, 8, 2, 8, 4, 16, 2, 8, 4, 8, 8, 8, 4, 4, 8, 32, 4, 8, 2, 8, 8, 4, 2, 16, 2, 8, 8, 16, 4, 4, 8, 16, 4, 8, 2, 32, 4, 4, 4, 8, 16, 8, 2, 16, 4, 16, 2, 16, 4, 8, 8, 8, 4, 16, 2, 32, 2, 8 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
 OFFSET 1,2 COMMENTS Number of non-congruent solutions of x^2 + y^2 -1 == 2xy == 0 (mod n). This sequence combines A329586 (number of representative solutions of a^2 - (b^2 + 1) == 0 (mod m) and 2*a*b == 0 (mod m) with a*b = 0), and those from A329589 (number of representative solutions of these two congruences but with a*b not 0). - Wolfdieter Lang, Dec 14 2019 In A226746 the positive n numbers with more than two representative solutions of the congruence z^2 = +1 (mod n) are given. This is therefore a proper subsequence of the present one. - Wolfdieter Lang, Dec 14 2019 LINKS Eric M. Schmidt, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..1000 FORMULA Multiplicative with a(2^e) = 2^min(e, 3); a(p^e) = 4 for p == 1 (mod 4); a(p^e) = 2 for p == 3 (mod 4). - Eric M. Schmidt, Jul 09 2013 EXAMPLE a(4)=4 because in Z[i]/4Z[i] the equation x^2==1 (mod 4) has 4 solutions: 1, 1+2i, 3 and 3+2i. MAPLE a:= n-> mul(`if`(i[1]=2, 2^min(i[2], 3), `if`(     irem(i[1], 4)=1, 4, 2)), i=ifactors(n)[2]): seq(a(n), n=1..100);  # Alois P. Heinz, Feb 07 2020 MATHEMATICA h[n_] := Flatten[Table[a + b I, {a, 0, n - 1}, {b, 0, n - 1}]]; a[1] = 1; a[n_] := Length@Select[h[n], Mod[#^2, n] == 1 &]; Table[a[n], {n, 2, 44}] PROG (Sage) def A227091(n) : return prod([4, 2^min(m, 3), 2][p%4-1] for (p, m) in factor(n)) # Eric M. Schmidt, Jul 09 2013 (PARI) a(n)=my(o=valuation(n, 2), f=factor(n>>o)[, 1]); prod(i=1, #f, if(f[i]%4==1, 4, 2))<

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Last modified August 9 22:52 EDT 2020. Contains 336335 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)