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A224360 Triangle read by rows: T(n,k) = -1 + length of the Collatz sequence of -(n-k)/(2k+1) for n >= 1 and k >= 0. 2
0, 1, 1, 4, 2, 4, 2, 0, 5, 9, 4, 3, 7, 10, 4, 5, 3, 6, 11, 5, 8, 4, 1, 0, 11, 1, 9, 14, 3, 6, 8, 13, 6, 8, 15, 4, 11, 4, 9, 12, 3, 10, 5, 5, 17, 4, 4, 7, 0, 2, 11, 16, 4, 18, 36, 6, 4, 14, 12, 4, 9, 16, 6, 9, 37, 13, 6, 5, 1, 16, 7, 13, 6, 1, 19, 16, 14, 7, 9 (list; table; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,4

COMMENTS

This sequence is an extension of A210516 with negative values.

We consider the triangle T(n,k) = -(n-k)/(2k+1) for n = 1,2,... and k = 0..n-1.

The example shown below gives a general idea of this regular triangle. This contains all negative fractions whose denominator is odd and all integers. Now, from T(n,k) we could introduce a 3D triangle in order to produce a complete Collatz sequence starting from each rational T(n,k).

The initial triangle T(n,k) begins

  -1,

  -2, -1/3;

  -3, -2/3, -1/5;

  -4, -3/3, -2/5, -1/7;

  -5, -4/3, -3/5, -2/7, -1/9;

  -6, -5/3, -4/5, -3/7, -2/9, -1/11;

  ...

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=1..79.

EXAMPLE

The triangle of lengths begins

  1;

  2, 2;

  5, 3, 5;

  3, 1, 6, 10;

  5, 4, 8, 11, 5;

  ...

Individual numbers have the following Collatz sequences (the first term is not counted):

[-1] => [1] because: -1 -> -1 with 0 iterations;

[-2 -1/3] => [1, 1] because: -2 -> -1 => 1 iteration; -1/3 -> 0 => 1 iteration;

[-3 -2/3 -1/5] => [4, 2, 4] because: -3 -> -8 -> -4 -> -2 -> -1 => 4 iterations; -2/3 -> -1/3 -> 0 => 2 iterations; -1/5 -> 2/5 -> 1/5 -> 8/5 -> 4/5 => 4 iterations.

MATHEMATICA

Collatz2[n_] := Module[{lst = NestWhileList[If[EvenQ[Numerator[#]], #/2, 3 # + 1] &, n, Unequal, All]}, If[lst[[-1]] == -1, lst = Drop[lst, -2], If[lst[[-1]] == 2, lst = Drop[lst, -2], If[lst[[-1]] == 4, lst = Drop[lst, -1], If[MemberQ[Rest[lst], lst[[-1]]], lst = Drop[lst, -1]]]]]]; t = Table[s = Collatz2[-(n - k)/(2*k + 1)]; Length[s]-1 , {n, 13}, {k, 0, n - 1}]; Flatten[t] (* program from T. D. Noe, adapted for this sequence - see A210516 *).

CROSSREFS

Cf. A210516, A210688, A224299, A224300, A224361.

Sequence in context: A226577 A179950 A016514 * A269592 A105256 A064127

Adjacent sequences:  A224357 A224358 A224359 * A224361 A224362 A224363

KEYWORD

nonn,tabl

AUTHOR

Michel Lagneau, Apr 04 2013

EXTENSIONS

Better definition from Michel Marcus, Sep 14 2017

STATUS

approved

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Last modified September 26 15:30 EDT 2021. Contains 347668 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)