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 A216674 Total number of solutions to the equation x^2+k*y^2 = n with x > 0, y > 0, k >= 0, or 0 if infinite. (Order does not matter for the equation x^2+y^2 = n). 6
 0, 1, 1, 0, 2, 2, 2, 3, 0, 3, 3, 4, 5, 3, 3, 0, 6, 5, 5, 6, 6, 5, 4, 6, 0, 5, 6, 8, 8, 5, 6, 8, 9, 7, 5, 0, 10, 6, 6, 10, 11, 6, 8, 9, 11, 7, 6, 10, 0, 8, 8, 14, 11, 10, 8, 10, 13, 9, 8, 10, 14, 7, 9, 0, 14, 9, 10, 14, 12, 10, 8, 15, 17, 9, 9, 16, 12, 8, 11, 14, 0 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
 OFFSET 1,5 COMMENTS If the equation x^2+y^2 = n has got two solutions (x, y), (y, x) then they will be counted only once. No solutions can exist for the values of k >= n. This sequence differs from A216505 in the fact that this sequence gives the total number of solutions to the equation x^2+k*y^2 = n, whereas the sequence A216505 gives the number of distinct values of k for which a solution to the equation x^2+k*y^2 = n can exist. Some values of k can clearly have more than one solution. For example, x^2+k*y^2 = 33 is satisfiable for 33 = 1^2+2*4^2. 33 = 5^2+2*2^2. 33 = 3^2+6*2^2. 33 = 1^2+8*2^2. 33 = 5^2+8*1^2. 33 = 4^2+17*1^2. 33 = 3^2+24*1^2. 33 = 2^2+29*1^2. 33 = 1^2+32*1^2. So for this sequence a(33) = 9. On the other hand, for the sequence A216505, there exist only 7 different values of k for which a solution to the equation mentioned above exists. So A216505(33) = 7. LINKS Charles R Greathouse IV, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..10000 PROG (PARI) a(n)=if(issquare(n), return(0)); sum(y=ceil(sqrt(n/2-1/4)), sqrtint(n-1), issquare(n-y^2))+sum(k=2, n-1, sum(y=1, sqrtint((n-1)\k), issquare(n-k*y^2))) \\ Charles R Greathouse IV, Sep 14 2012 (PARI) for(n=1, 100, sol=0; for(k=0, n, for(x=1, n, if((issquare(n-k*x*x)&&n-k*x*x>0&&k>=2)||(issquare(n-x*x)&&n-x*x>0&&k==1&&x*x<=n-x*x), sol++))); if(issquare(n), print1(0", "), print1(sol", "))) /* V. Raman, Oct 16 2012 */ CROSSREFS Cf. A216503, A216504, A216505. Cf. A217956 (a variant of this sequence, when the order does matter for the equation x^2+y^2 = n, i.e. if the equation x^2+y^2 = n has got two solutions (x, y), (y, x) then they will be counted separately). Cf. A216672, A216673, A217834, A217840, A217956. Sequence in context: A308119 A307299 A307298 * A106795 A162203 A071455 Adjacent sequences:  A216671 A216672 A216673 * A216675 A216676 A216677 KEYWORD nonn AUTHOR V. Raman, Sep 13 2012 EXTENSIONS Ambiguity in name corrected by V. Raman, Oct 16 2012 STATUS approved

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Last modified October 14 12:02 EDT 2019. Contains 328004 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)